Anesthesiologists and disaster medicine: A needs assessment for education and training and reported willingness to respond

Heather K. Hayanga, Daniel J Barnett, Natasha R. Shallow, Michael Roberts, Carol Thompson, Itay Bentov, Gozde Demiralp, Bradford D Winters, Deborah Ann Schwengel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Anesthesiologists provide comprehensive health care across the emergency department, operating room, and intensive care unit. To date, anesthesiologists' perspectives regarding disaster medicine and public health preparedness have not been described. METHODS: Anesthesiologists' thoughts and attitudes were assessed via a Web-based survey at 3 major academic institutions. Frequencies, percentages, and odds ratios (ORs) were used to assess self-reported perceptions of knowledge and skills, as well as attitudes and beliefs regarding education and training, employee development, professional obligation, safety, psychological readiness, efficacy, personal preparedness, and willingness to respond (WTR). Three representative disaster scenarios (natural disaster [ND], radiological event [RE], and pandemic influenza [PI]) were investigated. Results are reported as percent or OR (95% confidence interval). RESULTS: Participants included 175 anesthesiology attendings (attendings) and 95 anesthesiology residents (residents) representing a 47% and 51% response rate, respectively. A minority of attendings indicated that their hospital provides adequate pre-event preparation and training (31% [23-38] ND, 14% [9-21] RE, and 40% [31-49] PI). Few residents felt that their residency program provided them with adequate preparation and training (22% [14-33] ND, 16% [8-27] RE, and 17% [9-29] PI). Greater than 85% of attendings (89% [84-94] ND, 88% [81-92] RE, and 87% [80-92] PI) and 70% of residents (81% [71-89] ND, 71% [58-81] RE, and 82% [70- 90] PI) believe that their hospital or residency program, respectively, should provide them with preparation and training. Approximately one-half of attendings and residents are confident that they would be safe at work during response to a ND or PI (55% [47-64] and 58% [49-67] of attendings; 59% [48-70] and 48% [35-61] of residents, respectively), whereas approximately one-third responded the same regarding a RE (31% [24-40] of attendings and 28% [18-41] of residents). Fewer than 40% of attendings (34% [26-43]) and residents (38% [27-51]) designated who would take care of their family obligations in the event they were called into work during a disaster. Regardless of severity, 79% (71-85) of attendings and 73% (62-82) of residents indicated WTR to a ND, whereas 81% (73-87) of attendings and 70% (58-81) of residents indicated WTR to PI. Fewer were willing to respond to a RE (63% [55-71] of attendings and 52% [39-64] of residents). In adjusted logistic regression analyses, those anesthesiologists who reported knowing one's role in response to a ND (OR, 15.8 [4.5-55.3]) or feeling psychologically prepared to respond to a ND (OR, 6.9 [2.5-19.0]) were found to be more willing to respond. Similar results were found for RE and PI constructs. Both attendings and residents were willing to respond in whatever capacity needed, not specifically to provide anesthesia. CONCLUSIONS: Few anesthesiologists reported receiving sufficient education and training in disaster medicine and public health preparedness. Providing education and training and enhancing related employee services may further bolster WTR and help to build a more capable and effective medical workforce for disaster response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1662-1669
Number of pages8
JournalAnesthesia and Analgesia
Volume124
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

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Disaster Medicine
Needs Assessment
Disasters
Pandemics
Education
Human Influenza
Odds Ratio
Anesthesiology
Internship and Residency
Anesthesiologists
Public Health
Comprehensive Health Care
Operating Rooms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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Anesthesiologists and disaster medicine : A needs assessment for education and training and reported willingness to respond. / Hayanga, Heather K.; Barnett, Daniel J; Shallow, Natasha R.; Roberts, Michael; Thompson, Carol; Bentov, Itay; Demiralp, Gozde; Winters, Bradford D; Schwengel, Deborah Ann.

In: Anesthesia and Analgesia, Vol. 124, No. 5, 2017, p. 1662-1669.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Anesthesiologists and disaster medicine: A needs assessment for education and training and reported willingness to respond",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Anesthesiologists provide comprehensive health care across the emergency department, operating room, and intensive care unit. To date, anesthesiologists' perspectives regarding disaster medicine and public health preparedness have not been described. METHODS: Anesthesiologists' thoughts and attitudes were assessed via a Web-based survey at 3 major academic institutions. Frequencies, percentages, and odds ratios (ORs) were used to assess self-reported perceptions of knowledge and skills, as well as attitudes and beliefs regarding education and training, employee development, professional obligation, safety, psychological readiness, efficacy, personal preparedness, and willingness to respond (WTR). Three representative disaster scenarios (natural disaster [ND], radiological event [RE], and pandemic influenza [PI]) were investigated. Results are reported as percent or OR (95{\%} confidence interval). RESULTS: Participants included 175 anesthesiology attendings (attendings) and 95 anesthesiology residents (residents) representing a 47{\%} and 51{\%} response rate, respectively. A minority of attendings indicated that their hospital provides adequate pre-event preparation and training (31{\%} [23-38] ND, 14{\%} [9-21] RE, and 40{\%} [31-49] PI). Few residents felt that their residency program provided them with adequate preparation and training (22{\%} [14-33] ND, 16{\%} [8-27] RE, and 17{\%} [9-29] PI). Greater than 85{\%} of attendings (89{\%} [84-94] ND, 88{\%} [81-92] RE, and 87{\%} [80-92] PI) and 70{\%} of residents (81{\%} [71-89] ND, 71{\%} [58-81] RE, and 82{\%} [70- 90] PI) believe that their hospital or residency program, respectively, should provide them with preparation and training. Approximately one-half of attendings and residents are confident that they would be safe at work during response to a ND or PI (55{\%} [47-64] and 58{\%} [49-67] of attendings; 59{\%} [48-70] and 48{\%} [35-61] of residents, respectively), whereas approximately one-third responded the same regarding a RE (31{\%} [24-40] of attendings and 28{\%} [18-41] of residents). Fewer than 40{\%} of attendings (34{\%} [26-43]) and residents (38{\%} [27-51]) designated who would take care of their family obligations in the event they were called into work during a disaster. Regardless of severity, 79{\%} (71-85) of attendings and 73{\%} (62-82) of residents indicated WTR to a ND, whereas 81{\%} (73-87) of attendings and 70{\%} (58-81) of residents indicated WTR to PI. Fewer were willing to respond to a RE (63{\%} [55-71] of attendings and 52{\%} [39-64] of residents). In adjusted logistic regression analyses, those anesthesiologists who reported knowing one's role in response to a ND (OR, 15.8 [4.5-55.3]) or feeling psychologically prepared to respond to a ND (OR, 6.9 [2.5-19.0]) were found to be more willing to respond. Similar results were found for RE and PI constructs. Both attendings and residents were willing to respond in whatever capacity needed, not specifically to provide anesthesia. CONCLUSIONS: Few anesthesiologists reported receiving sufficient education and training in disaster medicine and public health preparedness. Providing education and training and enhancing related employee services may further bolster WTR and help to build a more capable and effective medical workforce for disaster response.",
author = "Hayanga, {Heather K.} and Barnett, {Daniel J} and Shallow, {Natasha R.} and Michael Roberts and Carol Thompson and Itay Bentov and Gozde Demiralp and Winters, {Bradford D} and Schwengel, {Deborah Ann}",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Anesthesiologists and disaster medicine

T2 - A needs assessment for education and training and reported willingness to respond

AU - Hayanga, Heather K.

AU - Barnett, Daniel J

AU - Shallow, Natasha R.

AU - Roberts, Michael

AU - Thompson, Carol

AU - Bentov, Itay

AU - Demiralp, Gozde

AU - Winters, Bradford D

AU - Schwengel, Deborah Ann

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - BACKGROUND: Anesthesiologists provide comprehensive health care across the emergency department, operating room, and intensive care unit. To date, anesthesiologists' perspectives regarding disaster medicine and public health preparedness have not been described. METHODS: Anesthesiologists' thoughts and attitudes were assessed via a Web-based survey at 3 major academic institutions. Frequencies, percentages, and odds ratios (ORs) were used to assess self-reported perceptions of knowledge and skills, as well as attitudes and beliefs regarding education and training, employee development, professional obligation, safety, psychological readiness, efficacy, personal preparedness, and willingness to respond (WTR). Three representative disaster scenarios (natural disaster [ND], radiological event [RE], and pandemic influenza [PI]) were investigated. Results are reported as percent or OR (95% confidence interval). RESULTS: Participants included 175 anesthesiology attendings (attendings) and 95 anesthesiology residents (residents) representing a 47% and 51% response rate, respectively. A minority of attendings indicated that their hospital provides adequate pre-event preparation and training (31% [23-38] ND, 14% [9-21] RE, and 40% [31-49] PI). Few residents felt that their residency program provided them with adequate preparation and training (22% [14-33] ND, 16% [8-27] RE, and 17% [9-29] PI). Greater than 85% of attendings (89% [84-94] ND, 88% [81-92] RE, and 87% [80-92] PI) and 70% of residents (81% [71-89] ND, 71% [58-81] RE, and 82% [70- 90] PI) believe that their hospital or residency program, respectively, should provide them with preparation and training. Approximately one-half of attendings and residents are confident that they would be safe at work during response to a ND or PI (55% [47-64] and 58% [49-67] of attendings; 59% [48-70] and 48% [35-61] of residents, respectively), whereas approximately one-third responded the same regarding a RE (31% [24-40] of attendings and 28% [18-41] of residents). Fewer than 40% of attendings (34% [26-43]) and residents (38% [27-51]) designated who would take care of their family obligations in the event they were called into work during a disaster. Regardless of severity, 79% (71-85) of attendings and 73% (62-82) of residents indicated WTR to a ND, whereas 81% (73-87) of attendings and 70% (58-81) of residents indicated WTR to PI. Fewer were willing to respond to a RE (63% [55-71] of attendings and 52% [39-64] of residents). In adjusted logistic regression analyses, those anesthesiologists who reported knowing one's role in response to a ND (OR, 15.8 [4.5-55.3]) or feeling psychologically prepared to respond to a ND (OR, 6.9 [2.5-19.0]) were found to be more willing to respond. Similar results were found for RE and PI constructs. Both attendings and residents were willing to respond in whatever capacity needed, not specifically to provide anesthesia. CONCLUSIONS: Few anesthesiologists reported receiving sufficient education and training in disaster medicine and public health preparedness. Providing education and training and enhancing related employee services may further bolster WTR and help to build a more capable and effective medical workforce for disaster response.

AB - BACKGROUND: Anesthesiologists provide comprehensive health care across the emergency department, operating room, and intensive care unit. To date, anesthesiologists' perspectives regarding disaster medicine and public health preparedness have not been described. METHODS: Anesthesiologists' thoughts and attitudes were assessed via a Web-based survey at 3 major academic institutions. Frequencies, percentages, and odds ratios (ORs) were used to assess self-reported perceptions of knowledge and skills, as well as attitudes and beliefs regarding education and training, employee development, professional obligation, safety, psychological readiness, efficacy, personal preparedness, and willingness to respond (WTR). Three representative disaster scenarios (natural disaster [ND], radiological event [RE], and pandemic influenza [PI]) were investigated. Results are reported as percent or OR (95% confidence interval). RESULTS: Participants included 175 anesthesiology attendings (attendings) and 95 anesthesiology residents (residents) representing a 47% and 51% response rate, respectively. A minority of attendings indicated that their hospital provides adequate pre-event preparation and training (31% [23-38] ND, 14% [9-21] RE, and 40% [31-49] PI). Few residents felt that their residency program provided them with adequate preparation and training (22% [14-33] ND, 16% [8-27] RE, and 17% [9-29] PI). Greater than 85% of attendings (89% [84-94] ND, 88% [81-92] RE, and 87% [80-92] PI) and 70% of residents (81% [71-89] ND, 71% [58-81] RE, and 82% [70- 90] PI) believe that their hospital or residency program, respectively, should provide them with preparation and training. Approximately one-half of attendings and residents are confident that they would be safe at work during response to a ND or PI (55% [47-64] and 58% [49-67] of attendings; 59% [48-70] and 48% [35-61] of residents, respectively), whereas approximately one-third responded the same regarding a RE (31% [24-40] of attendings and 28% [18-41] of residents). Fewer than 40% of attendings (34% [26-43]) and residents (38% [27-51]) designated who would take care of their family obligations in the event they were called into work during a disaster. Regardless of severity, 79% (71-85) of attendings and 73% (62-82) of residents indicated WTR to a ND, whereas 81% (73-87) of attendings and 70% (58-81) of residents indicated WTR to PI. Fewer were willing to respond to a RE (63% [55-71] of attendings and 52% [39-64] of residents). In adjusted logistic regression analyses, those anesthesiologists who reported knowing one's role in response to a ND (OR, 15.8 [4.5-55.3]) or feeling psychologically prepared to respond to a ND (OR, 6.9 [2.5-19.0]) were found to be more willing to respond. Similar results were found for RE and PI constructs. Both attendings and residents were willing to respond in whatever capacity needed, not specifically to provide anesthesia. CONCLUSIONS: Few anesthesiologists reported receiving sufficient education and training in disaster medicine and public health preparedness. Providing education and training and enhancing related employee services may further bolster WTR and help to build a more capable and effective medical workforce for disaster response.

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