Androgen binding in nuclear matrix of human genital skin fibroblasts from patients with androgen insensitivity syndrome

T. R. Brown, C. J. Migeon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Specific sex steroid-binding sites are associated with the salt-insoluble nuclear matrix from which lipids, histones, and chromatin have been extracted. In intact cultured normal human genital skin fibroblasts incubated for 1 h at 37 C with a saturating concentration (2 nM) of [3H]dihydrotestosterone ([3H]DHT), approximately 50% of the total intracellular androgen receptor-steroid complexes were found in the nucleus. Within isolated nuclei from such cells, 28-49% of the specific androgen receptor binding was associated with the nuclear matrix. The antiandrogen cyproterone acetate inhibited DHT binding within the nuclear matrix. Cultured genital skin fibroblasts from two unrelated patients with receptor-positive complete androgen insensitivity (CAIS, AR+), had normal (~50%) nuclear binding of DHT, and 35% and 45% of it was localized to the nuclear matrix. Genital skin fibroblasts from a patient with receptor-negative complete androgen insensitivity (CAIS, AR-) had no specific DHT binding in isolated nuclei or nuclear matrix. Scatchard analysis of specific DHT binding in the nuclear matrix isolated from cells of normal subjects after an in vitro exchange assay (0 C ; 24 h) revealed the presence of saturable (maximum binding, ≃ 200 fmol/mg nuclear DNA), high affinity (K(d) ≃ 1.0 nM) binding sites. By contrast, in the nuclear matrix isolated from cells of a patient with CAIS, AR+, the binding affinity for DHT was 3-fold lower (K(d) ≃ 3.0 nM). When cytosolic androgen receptor-DHT complexes prepared from cells preincubated at 37 C for 1 h with [3H]DHT were incubated at 0 C for 1 h with isolated nuclei and nuclear matrix in the presence of 0.15 M KCl, 40-60% of specific nuclear binding was associated with the nuclear matrix. In these cell-free in vitro experiments, radiolabeled DHT-receptor complexes prepared from normal or mutant cells were mixed with isolated nuclei and nuclear matrix prepared from cells of normal subjects or patients with CAIS, AR+ or CAIS, AR-. Under these conditions, specific DHT binding in nuclei and nuclear matrix was quantitatively similar in the presence of a mutant (CAIS, AR+) receptor-steroid complex or in the presence of nuclei or nuclear matrix from the mutant cells (CAIS, AR- or AR+) when compared simultaneously with the same subcellular fractions prepared from the cells of normal subjects. When the cytosol DHT-receptor complexes formed in vitro at 0 C (4 h) were added in increasing amounts to the isolated nuclear matrix and binding was determined after 1 h at 0 C, the binding affinity of the cytosolic receptor from cells of the patient with CAIS, AR+ was approximately one third that of the DHT-receptor complex from cells of normal subjects. In summary, the nuclear matrix of cultured genital skin fibroblasts contains specific, high affinity, saturable sites for androgen receptor binding, and high affinity occupancy of nuclear matrix binding sites by the intact steroid-receptor complex may be required for androgen biological activity. However, the experimental design did not allow us to differentiate between an alteration in the binding affinity of the receptor for the steroid or a defect in the binding affinity of the DHT-receptor complex for nuclear matrix-associated acceptor sites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)542-550
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume62
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1986

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Androgen-Insensitivity Syndrome
Nuclear Matrix
Androgen Receptors
Fibroblasts
Androgens
Steroid Receptors
Skin
Binding Sites
Steroids
Cells
Cyproterone Acetate
Androgen Antagonists
Dihydrotestosterone
Bioactivity
Histones
Design of experiments
Chromatin
Assays
Salts
Lipids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Androgen binding in nuclear matrix of human genital skin fibroblasts from patients with androgen insensitivity syndrome. / Brown, T. R.; Migeon, C. J.

In: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, Vol. 62, No. 3, 1986, p. 542-550.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Androgen binding in nuclear matrix of human genital skin fibroblasts from patients with androgen insensitivity syndrome",
abstract = "Specific sex steroid-binding sites are associated with the salt-insoluble nuclear matrix from which lipids, histones, and chromatin have been extracted. In intact cultured normal human genital skin fibroblasts incubated for 1 h at 37 C with a saturating concentration (2 nM) of [3H]dihydrotestosterone ([3H]DHT), approximately 50{\%} of the total intracellular androgen receptor-steroid complexes were found in the nucleus. Within isolated nuclei from such cells, 28-49{\%} of the specific androgen receptor binding was associated with the nuclear matrix. The antiandrogen cyproterone acetate inhibited DHT binding within the nuclear matrix. Cultured genital skin fibroblasts from two unrelated patients with receptor-positive complete androgen insensitivity (CAIS, AR+), had normal (~50{\%}) nuclear binding of DHT, and 35{\%} and 45{\%} of it was localized to the nuclear matrix. Genital skin fibroblasts from a patient with receptor-negative complete androgen insensitivity (CAIS, AR-) had no specific DHT binding in isolated nuclei or nuclear matrix. Scatchard analysis of specific DHT binding in the nuclear matrix isolated from cells of normal subjects after an in vitro exchange assay (0 C ; 24 h) revealed the presence of saturable (maximum binding, ≃ 200 fmol/mg nuclear DNA), high affinity (K(d) ≃ 1.0 nM) binding sites. By contrast, in the nuclear matrix isolated from cells of a patient with CAIS, AR+, the binding affinity for DHT was 3-fold lower (K(d) ≃ 3.0 nM). When cytosolic androgen receptor-DHT complexes prepared from cells preincubated at 37 C for 1 h with [3H]DHT were incubated at 0 C for 1 h with isolated nuclei and nuclear matrix in the presence of 0.15 M KCl, 40-60{\%} of specific nuclear binding was associated with the nuclear matrix. In these cell-free in vitro experiments, radiolabeled DHT-receptor complexes prepared from normal or mutant cells were mixed with isolated nuclei and nuclear matrix prepared from cells of normal subjects or patients with CAIS, AR+ or CAIS, AR-. Under these conditions, specific DHT binding in nuclei and nuclear matrix was quantitatively similar in the presence of a mutant (CAIS, AR+) receptor-steroid complex or in the presence of nuclei or nuclear matrix from the mutant cells (CAIS, AR- or AR+) when compared simultaneously with the same subcellular fractions prepared from the cells of normal subjects. When the cytosol DHT-receptor complexes formed in vitro at 0 C (4 h) were added in increasing amounts to the isolated nuclear matrix and binding was determined after 1 h at 0 C, the binding affinity of the cytosolic receptor from cells of the patient with CAIS, AR+ was approximately one third that of the DHT-receptor complex from cells of normal subjects. In summary, the nuclear matrix of cultured genital skin fibroblasts contains specific, high affinity, saturable sites for androgen receptor binding, and high affinity occupancy of nuclear matrix binding sites by the intact steroid-receptor complex may be required for androgen biological activity. However, the experimental design did not allow us to differentiate between an alteration in the binding affinity of the receptor for the steroid or a defect in the binding affinity of the DHT-receptor complex for nuclear matrix-associated acceptor sites.",
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AU - Migeon, C. J.

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N2 - Specific sex steroid-binding sites are associated with the salt-insoluble nuclear matrix from which lipids, histones, and chromatin have been extracted. In intact cultured normal human genital skin fibroblasts incubated for 1 h at 37 C with a saturating concentration (2 nM) of [3H]dihydrotestosterone ([3H]DHT), approximately 50% of the total intracellular androgen receptor-steroid complexes were found in the nucleus. Within isolated nuclei from such cells, 28-49% of the specific androgen receptor binding was associated with the nuclear matrix. The antiandrogen cyproterone acetate inhibited DHT binding within the nuclear matrix. Cultured genital skin fibroblasts from two unrelated patients with receptor-positive complete androgen insensitivity (CAIS, AR+), had normal (~50%) nuclear binding of DHT, and 35% and 45% of it was localized to the nuclear matrix. Genital skin fibroblasts from a patient with receptor-negative complete androgen insensitivity (CAIS, AR-) had no specific DHT binding in isolated nuclei or nuclear matrix. Scatchard analysis of specific DHT binding in the nuclear matrix isolated from cells of normal subjects after an in vitro exchange assay (0 C ; 24 h) revealed the presence of saturable (maximum binding, ≃ 200 fmol/mg nuclear DNA), high affinity (K(d) ≃ 1.0 nM) binding sites. By contrast, in the nuclear matrix isolated from cells of a patient with CAIS, AR+, the binding affinity for DHT was 3-fold lower (K(d) ≃ 3.0 nM). When cytosolic androgen receptor-DHT complexes prepared from cells preincubated at 37 C for 1 h with [3H]DHT were incubated at 0 C for 1 h with isolated nuclei and nuclear matrix in the presence of 0.15 M KCl, 40-60% of specific nuclear binding was associated with the nuclear matrix. In these cell-free in vitro experiments, radiolabeled DHT-receptor complexes prepared from normal or mutant cells were mixed with isolated nuclei and nuclear matrix prepared from cells of normal subjects or patients with CAIS, AR+ or CAIS, AR-. Under these conditions, specific DHT binding in nuclei and nuclear matrix was quantitatively similar in the presence of a mutant (CAIS, AR+) receptor-steroid complex or in the presence of nuclei or nuclear matrix from the mutant cells (CAIS, AR- or AR+) when compared simultaneously with the same subcellular fractions prepared from the cells of normal subjects. When the cytosol DHT-receptor complexes formed in vitro at 0 C (4 h) were added in increasing amounts to the isolated nuclear matrix and binding was determined after 1 h at 0 C, the binding affinity of the cytosolic receptor from cells of the patient with CAIS, AR+ was approximately one third that of the DHT-receptor complex from cells of normal subjects. In summary, the nuclear matrix of cultured genital skin fibroblasts contains specific, high affinity, saturable sites for androgen receptor binding, and high affinity occupancy of nuclear matrix binding sites by the intact steroid-receptor complex may be required for androgen biological activity. However, the experimental design did not allow us to differentiate between an alteration in the binding affinity of the receptor for the steroid or a defect in the binding affinity of the DHT-receptor complex for nuclear matrix-associated acceptor sites.

AB - Specific sex steroid-binding sites are associated with the salt-insoluble nuclear matrix from which lipids, histones, and chromatin have been extracted. In intact cultured normal human genital skin fibroblasts incubated for 1 h at 37 C with a saturating concentration (2 nM) of [3H]dihydrotestosterone ([3H]DHT), approximately 50% of the total intracellular androgen receptor-steroid complexes were found in the nucleus. Within isolated nuclei from such cells, 28-49% of the specific androgen receptor binding was associated with the nuclear matrix. The antiandrogen cyproterone acetate inhibited DHT binding within the nuclear matrix. Cultured genital skin fibroblasts from two unrelated patients with receptor-positive complete androgen insensitivity (CAIS, AR+), had normal (~50%) nuclear binding of DHT, and 35% and 45% of it was localized to the nuclear matrix. Genital skin fibroblasts from a patient with receptor-negative complete androgen insensitivity (CAIS, AR-) had no specific DHT binding in isolated nuclei or nuclear matrix. Scatchard analysis of specific DHT binding in the nuclear matrix isolated from cells of normal subjects after an in vitro exchange assay (0 C ; 24 h) revealed the presence of saturable (maximum binding, ≃ 200 fmol/mg nuclear DNA), high affinity (K(d) ≃ 1.0 nM) binding sites. By contrast, in the nuclear matrix isolated from cells of a patient with CAIS, AR+, the binding affinity for DHT was 3-fold lower (K(d) ≃ 3.0 nM). When cytosolic androgen receptor-DHT complexes prepared from cells preincubated at 37 C for 1 h with [3H]DHT were incubated at 0 C for 1 h with isolated nuclei and nuclear matrix in the presence of 0.15 M KCl, 40-60% of specific nuclear binding was associated with the nuclear matrix. In these cell-free in vitro experiments, radiolabeled DHT-receptor complexes prepared from normal or mutant cells were mixed with isolated nuclei and nuclear matrix prepared from cells of normal subjects or patients with CAIS, AR+ or CAIS, AR-. Under these conditions, specific DHT binding in nuclei and nuclear matrix was quantitatively similar in the presence of a mutant (CAIS, AR+) receptor-steroid complex or in the presence of nuclei or nuclear matrix from the mutant cells (CAIS, AR- or AR+) when compared simultaneously with the same subcellular fractions prepared from the cells of normal subjects. When the cytosol DHT-receptor complexes formed in vitro at 0 C (4 h) were added in increasing amounts to the isolated nuclear matrix and binding was determined after 1 h at 0 C, the binding affinity of the cytosolic receptor from cells of the patient with CAIS, AR+ was approximately one third that of the DHT-receptor complex from cells of normal subjects. In summary, the nuclear matrix of cultured genital skin fibroblasts contains specific, high affinity, saturable sites for androgen receptor binding, and high affinity occupancy of nuclear matrix binding sites by the intact steroid-receptor complex may be required for androgen biological activity. However, the experimental design did not allow us to differentiate between an alteration in the binding affinity of the receptor for the steroid or a defect in the binding affinity of the DHT-receptor complex for nuclear matrix-associated acceptor sites.

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