Anatomy of spatial attention: Insights from perfusion imaging and hemispatial neglect in acute stroke

Argye E. Hillis, Melissa Newhart, Jennifer Heidler, Peter B. Barker, Edward H. Herskovits, Mahaveer Degaonkar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The site of lesion responsible for left hemispatial neglect after stroke has been intensely debated recently. Some studies provide evidence that right angular lesions are most likely to cause left neglect, whereas others indicate that right superior temporal lesions are most likely to cause neglect. We examine two potential accounts of the conflicting results: (1) neglect could result from cortical dysfunction beyond the structural lesion in some studies; and (2) different forms of neglect with separate neural correlates have been included in different proportions in separate studies. To evaluate these proposals, we studied 50 patients with acute right subcortical infarcts using tests of hemispatial neglect and magnetic resonance diffusion-weighted and perfusion-weighted imaging performed within 48 h of onset of symptoms. Left "allocentric" neglect (errors on the left sides of individual stimuli, regardless of location with respect to the viewer) was most strongly associated with hypoperfusion of right superior temporal gyrus (Fisher's exact test; p < 0.0001), whereas left "egocentric" neglect (errors on the left of the viewer) was most strongly associated with hypoperfusion of the right angular gyrus (p < 0.0001). Patients without cortical hypoperfusion showed no hemispatial neglect. Because the patients did not have cortical infarcts, our data show that neglect can be caused by hypoperfused dysfunctional tissue not detectable by structural magnetic resonance imaging. Moreover, different forms of neglect were associated with different sites of cortical hypoperfusion. Results help explain conflicting results in the literature and contribute to the understanding of spatial attention and representation in the human brain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3161-3167
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume25
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 23 2005

Keywords

  • Hemispatial neglect
  • Magnetic resonance perfusion-weighted imaging
  • Parietal cortex
  • Spatial attention
  • Stroke
  • Temporal cortex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Anatomy of spatial attention: Insights from perfusion imaging and hemispatial neglect in acute stroke'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this