Anatomy and neurophysiology of the cough reflex: ACCP evidence-based clinical practice guidelines

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To describe the anatomy and neurophysiology of the cough reflex. Methods: A review of the literature was carried out using PubMed and the ISI Web of Knowledge from 1951 to 2004. Most of the referenced studies were carried out in animals Conclusions: Studies carried out in animals provide suggestive but inconclusive evidence that C-fibers and rapidly adapting receptors (RARs) arising from the vagus nerves mediate coughing. Recent studies also have suggested that a vagal afferent nerve subtype that is not readily classified as a RAR or a C-fiber may play an important role in regulating cough. Afferent nerves innervating other viscera, as well as somatosensory nerves innervating the chest wall, diaphragm, and abdominal musculature also likely play a less essential but important accessory role in regulating cough. The responsiveness and morphology of the airway vagal afferent nerve subtypes and the extrapulmonary afferent nerves that regulate coughing are described.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33S-47S
JournalCHEST
Volume129
Issue number1 SUPPL.
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2006

Keywords

  • Bronchospasm
  • C-fiber
  • Capsaicin
  • Convergence
  • Rapidly adapting
  • Vagal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Anatomy and neurophysiology of the cough reflex: ACCP evidence-based clinical practice guidelines'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this