Anaphylaxis in labor secondary to prophylaxis against group B Streptococcus

Ann Bridget Dunn, Joan Blomquist, Victor Khouzami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Two strategies have been recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and approved by the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology to help prevent group B streptococcal disease in the newborn. Both involve using penicillin in labor. However, the potential for allergic and even anaphylactic reactions to penicillin exists. CASE: A patient was treated for risk factors for group B Streptococcus in labor and suffered a serious anaphylactic reaction to penicillin; it resulted in an emergency cesarean section. Although the patient and infant were eventually discharged, the patient developed disseminated intravascular coagulation and suffered acute tubular necrosis that required dialysis. CONCLUSION: Prophylaxis against group B streptococcal sepsis is of proven benefit, but the possible harm to the mother and fetus from treatment with penicillin must be recognized. (J Reprod Med 1999;44:381-384).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)381-384
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Reproductive Medicine for the Obstetrician and Gynecologist
Volume44
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 1999

Keywords

  • Anaphylaxis
  • Labor complications
  • Penicillin G
  • Streptococcus group B

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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