Analysis of Spatial Dose-Volume Relationships and Decline in Sexual Function Following Permanent Brachytherapy for Prostate Cancer

Luke C. Peng, Omar Y. Mian, Pranav Lakshminarayanan, Peng Huang, Hee J. Bae, Scott Robertson, Tamey Habtu, Amol Narang, Sameer Agarwal, Stephen Greco, Phuoc Tran, Todd McNutt, Theodore L. DeWeese, Daniel Y. Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Objective: To explore relationships between dose to periprostatic anatomic structures and erectile dysfunction (ED) outcomes in an institutional cohort treated with prostate brachytherapy. Methods: The Sexual Health Inventory for Men (SHIM) instrument was administered for stage cT1-T2 prostate cancer patients treated with Pd-103 brachytherapy over a 10-year interval. Dose volume histograms for regional organs at risk and periprostatic regions were calculated with and without expansions to account for contouring uncertainty. Regression tree analysis clustered patients into ED risk groups. Results: We identified 115 men treated with definitive prostate brachytherapy who had 2 years of complete follow-up. On univariate analysis, the subapical region (SAR) caudal to prostate was the only defined region with dose volume histograms parameters significant for potency outcomes. Regression tree analysis separated patients into low ED risk (mean 2-year SHIM 20.03), medium ED risk (15.02), and high ED risk (5.54) groups. Among patients with good baseline function (SHIM ≥ 17), a dose ≥72.75 Gy to 20% of the SAR with 1 cm expansion was most predictive for 2-year potency outcome. On multivariate analysis, regression tree risk group remained significant for predicting potency outcomes even after adjustment for baseline SHIM and age. Conclusion: Dose to the SAR immediately caudal to prostate was predictive for potency outcomes in patients with good baseline function. Minimization of dose to this region may improve potency outcomes following prostate brachytherapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-116
Number of pages6
StatePublished - Jan 2020


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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