Analysis of potassium titanyl phosphate laser settings and voice outcomes in the treatment of Reinke's edema

Vyvy N. Young, Pavan S. Mallur, Adrienne W. Wong, Rajarsi Mandal, Giuseppe V. Staltari, Jackie Gartner-Schmidt, Clark A. Rosen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Despite increased clinical utility of the 532-nm potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP) laser, no studies have examined outcomes for Reinke's edema (RE) as a function of laser parameters and initial treatment effects. Variability in delivery parameters, fiber-to-tissue distance, and immediate end-tissue effects limits universal application of existing study outcomes. We examine voice outcomes using standardized treatment classification, providing justification for laser parameter selection and immediate tissue effect in clinical use. Methods: Retrospective review of 9 patients who underwent KTP laser treatment for RE. Demographics, RE severity, laser settings, total laser energy, and immediate tissue effects were correlated with quantified voice outcomes. Results: An average of 157 joules (6-640 J) was delivered over a 0.369-second exposure time (0.1-0.9 seconds). Immediate tissue effects varied from nonablative treatment (type I and type II) to ablation without tissue removal (type III). Overall, Voice Handicap Index-10 (VHI-10) decreased by 8.23; improvement was most pronounced with type II treatments (delta VHI-10 = 12). No complications were encountered. Conclusion: Potassium titanyl phosphate laser can be safely and effectively used to improve voice in RE patients regardless of severity. This is the first study to provide detailed information on laser settings, energy delivery, and treatment effect in RE management; these results may guide clinical use of this modality, especially for novice laser surgeons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)216-220
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology
Volume124
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • KTP
  • Reinke's edema
  • laser
  • outcome
  • surgery
  • voice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this