Analysis of Nutrition Practices and Intestinal Failure–Associated Liver Disease in Infants With Intestinal Surgery

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Abstract

Objectives: The incidence of intestinal failure–associated liver disease (IFALD) varies following intestinal surgical intervention in infants, ranging from 25% to 60%. Although IFALD resolves in some infants, 40% of infants who require long-term parenteral nutrition (PN) progress to liver failure. The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence of IFALD at our center among infants requiring intestinal procedures and to assess postoperative feeding practices. Methods: We performed a retrospective review of infants with intestinal surgical procedures before 6 months of age from 2007 to 2012. Infants with preexisting liver disease, other than IFALD, were excluded. The primary outcome was incidence of IFALD during the initial hospitalization. Timing of IFALD development and median time to reach enteral nutrition goals were investigated. Results: The overall incidence of IFALD was 66% (54/82), and among infants requiring >60 days of PN, the incidence was 90% (27/30). Median direct bilirubin of those with IFALD was 7.5 mg/dL. Infants with IFALD were more likely to be premature (29 vs 38 weeks, P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29-37
Number of pages9
JournalInfant, Child, and Adolescent Nutrition
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 17 2015

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Keywords

  • cholestasis
  • infant
  • intestinal failure–associated liver disease
  • intestinal rehabilitation
  • neonate
  • short-bowel syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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