Analysis of isovolumic relaxation in failing hearts by monoexponential time constants overestimates lusitropic change and load dependence mechanisms and advantages of alternative logistic fit

Hideaki Senzaki, David A. Kass

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Failing hearts display slow relaxation with apparent increased load sensitivity. However, inaccuracies of monoexponential analysis can contribute to these observations, and different qualitative and quantitative results might be obtained by alternative models. We tested whether pressure relaxation of failing hearts consistently deviates from a monoexponential waveform, leading to overestimations of lusitropic change and load sensitivity by monoexponentialderived time constants. Methods and Results: Fourteen dogs were studied before and after tachycardia pacing-induced heart failure. Relaxation time constants were derived by monoexponential fits (τe) with zero or nonzero asymptotes and by a logistic fit (τl). τl assumes nonlinear relations between pressure and its first derivative, whereas τe assumes a linear dependence. Load sensitivity of τ was tested by comparing beats during vena caval occlusion. τe prolonged by 75% to 80% with heart failure, 3 times more than τl (P<0.01). τe displayed marked load sensitivity in failing hearts, shortening during preload reduction, whereas τl was little changed by the same loading maneuver. Neither τl nor τe varied with preload in control hearts. The discrepancy between τe and τl results was due to nonmonoexponential decay reflected by nonlinear pressure-time derivative of pressure plots, which was enhanced with heart failure (P<0.01). This nonlinearity was reduced byβ-adrenergic stimulation, lowering preload sensitivity of τe to control levels. Conclusions: Isovolumic relaxation in failing hearts deviates from a monoexponential waveform, leading to overestimated relaxation delay and increased load sensitivity of monoexponential time constants. This deviation is under β-adrenergic modulation. The logistic model improves the fit-to-real pressure decay in failing hearts, providing more stable measures of relaxation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)268-276
Number of pages9
JournalCirculation: Heart Failure
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2010

Keywords

  • Congestive heart failure
  • Diastole
  • Hemodynamics
  • Relaxation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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