Analysis of heart rate and self-injury with and without restraint in an individual with autism

Heather Jennett, Louis P. Hagopian, Lauren Beaulieu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The relation between self-injury and heart rate was analyzed for an individual who appeared anxious while engaging in self-injury. The analysis involved manipulating the presence or absence of restraint while simultaneously measuring heart rate. The following findings were obtained and replicated: (a) when some form of restraint was applied, heart rate was typically within or close to the range of resting heart rate; (b) when restraint was removed or signaled to be removed, heart rate increased dramatically within a short time period; and (c) when restraint was re-applied, heart rate decreased and eventually returned to resting range within a couple of minutes. Recommendations for the assessment of anxiety in individuals with limited verbal skills are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1110-1118
Number of pages9
JournalResearch in Autism Spectrum Disorders
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2011

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Heart rate
  • Physiological measurement
  • Restraint
  • Self-injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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