Importance: Facial reanimation procedures share the same surgical field as a parotidectomy and are most easily accomplished at the time of facial nerve sacrifice. Early reanimation would also reduce the duration of paralysis and may lead to better functional outcomes. Objective: To assess the incidence and types of facial nerve reanimation performed concurrently with total parotidectomy and facial nerve sacrifice using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Project (ACS-NSQIP) database. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cross-sectional study identified 285 patients who underwent total parotidectomy with facial nerve sacrifice (Current Procedural Terminology code 42425) and evaluated the various types of facial reanimation procedures performed concurrently. Patients were identified from the ACS-NSQIP database encompassing 603 community and academic hospitals and underwent treatment from January 1, 2010, through December 31, 2015. Data were analyzed from September 20, 2017, through February 21, 2018. Main Outcomes and Measures: Comparison of demographics in nonreanimation and reanimation groups and subgroups of nerve- and sling-type reanimation procedures. Results: Of 285 patients who underwent total parotidectomy with facial nerve sacrifice (61.8% men; mean [SD] age, 64  years), 89 (31.2%; 95% CI, 26.0%-37.0%) underwent at least 1 concurrent facial reanimation procedure. Of the facial nerve procedures performed, 41 (46.1%; 95% CI, 36.0%-56.0%) were nerve-type repairs, 31 (34.8%; 95% CI, 26.0%-45.0%) were sling-type repairs, and 17 (19.1%; 95% CI, 12.0%-29.0%) included both types. Patients treated with nerve-type repairs only were significantly younger than those treated with sling-type repairs only (mean [SD] age, 57.6 [16.0] vs 72.1 [13.8] years; P <.001). Forty-nine patients underwent free tissue reconstruction. Of those, 24 patients (49.0%) had concurrent facial reanimation procedure(s) performed; this proportion was significantly more than those who did not undergo free tissue reconstruction (65 of 236 [28.0%]; P =.003). Conclusions and Relevance: In patients undergoing total parotidectomy with facial nerve sacrifice, many are not receiving a concurrent facial reanimation procedure at the time of their tumor resection. Those patients who underwent free tissue reconstruction were significantly more likely to receive a concurrent facial reanimation procedure. These findings may reveal an opportunity for earlier facial reanimation in this patient population. Level of Evidence: NA.
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