Analysis of expression of membrane-bound tumor markers in ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast: Paving the way for molecular imaging

Jeroen F. Vermeulen, Elsken Van Der Wall, Arjen J. Witkamp, Paul J. Van Diest

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Purpose: Achieving radicality during breast conserving surgery for pure ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) of the breast and invasive cancer surrounded by DCIS is challenging. Molecular imaging holds promise here, when applied as a tool for image-guided surgery of DCIS. Methods: Tissue microarrays containing 24 pure DCIS and 63 DCIS with adjacent invasive breast cancer cases were stained by immunohistochemistry for a panel of membrane-bound targets. Results: GLUT1 expression was present in 60.9 %, IGF1-R in 55.2 % HER2 in 28.7 %, MET in 18.4 %, EGFR in 16.1 %, CD44v6 in 69 %, carbonic anhydrase XII (CAXII) in 24.1 % and Mammaglobin in 14.9 % of DCIS cases. No expression differences between pure DCIS and DCIS with adjacent cancer were observed. Further, HER2 and EGFR expression were correlated with high grade DCIS (p = 0.001) and CAXII with low grade DCIS (p = 0.027). A putative panel containing HER2, EGFR, GLUT1 and IGF1-R had a detection rate of 90.2 % for DCIS and 78.3 % for adjacent breast cancer. Conclusions: We found that membrane-bound targets are more frequently expressed in DCIS than in invasive breast cancer, but that single membrane proteins are too infrequently expressed to serve as single imaging targets for the detection of DCIS. However, a panel of markers consisting of IGF1-R, CD44v6, GLUT1, EGFR, and HER2 was found to be positive in 96.3 % of DICS based on marker expression in the adjacent invasive breast cancer as described earlier. This implies that detection of DCIS based on marker expression in the adjacent invasive breast cancer during breast conserving surgery should be possible with a panel of molecular imaging tracers targeting CD44v6, GLUT1, HER2, IGF1-R, and EGFR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)333-340
Number of pages8
JournalCellular Oncology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 2013



  • Ductal carcinoma in situ
  • Growth factor receptors
  • Hypoxia
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Invasive breast cancer
  • Molecular imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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