Anaemia and Plasmodium falciparum infections among young children in an holoendemic area, Bagamoyo, Tanzania

Zul Premji, Yuna Hamisi, Clive Shiff, Japhet Minjas, Proscovia Lubega, Cyprian Makwaya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Although the aetiology of anaemia in tropical areas is multifactorial, Plasmodium falciparum malaria is commonly associated with anaemia in children living in holoendemic malaria areas. Such an association was examined in a population based study of 338 children 6 to 40 months of age living in the Bagamoyo area of Tanzania. Stepwise regression analysis showed that fever and parasitaemia were effective in predicting anaemia and that the anaemic condition was age dependent. The majority of the children were iron deficient, followed by normochromic macrocytic anaemias. There was strong evidence in this age group that the anaemia was associated with malaria and not geohelminth infection. The importance of malaria and anaemia as a cause of childhood morbidity in Africa is discussed. This condition has taken on new significance with the realization that blood transfusions commonly used to treat severe anaemia are a major vehicle for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) transmission.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)55-64
Number of pages10
JournalActa Tropica
Volume59
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1995

Keywords

  • Anaemia
  • Plasmodium falciparum
  • Tanzania

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • veterinary (miscalleneous)
  • Insect Science
  • Infectious Diseases

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Anaemia and Plasmodium falciparum infections among young children in an holoendemic area, Bagamoyo, Tanzania'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this