An update on the physiologic changes during pregnancy and their impact on drug pharmacokinetics and pharmacogenomics

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

For many years, the medical community has relied in clinical practice on historic data about the physiological changes that occur during pregnancy. However, some newer studies have disputed a number of assumptions in these data for not being evidence-based or derived from large prospective cohort-studies. Accurate knowledge of these physiological changes is important for three reasons: Firstly, it facilitates correct diagnosis of diseases during pregnancy; secondly, it enables us to answer questions about the effects of medication during pregnancy and the ways in which pregnancy alters pharmacokinetic and drug-effects; and thirdly, it allows for proper modeling of physiologically-based pharmacokinetic models, which are increasingly used to predict gestation-specific changes and drug-drug interactions, as well as develop new knowledge on the mode-of-action of drugs, the mechanisms underlying their interactions, and any adverse effects following drug exposure. This paper reviews new evidence regarding the physiologic changes during pregnancy in relation to existing knowledge.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • pharmacogenomics
  • pharmacokinetics
  • pharmacology
  • physiologic changes
  • pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery

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