An outbreak of influenza a/Taiwan/1/86 (H1N1) infections at a naval base and its association with airplane travel

Karl C. Klontz, Noreen A. Hynes, Robert A. Gunn, Michael H. Wilder, Maurice W. Harmon, Alan P. Kendal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In late October 1986, an outbreak of Influenza-like illness was detected at the Naval Air Station in Key West. Florida. Between October 10 and November 7, 1986, 60 active duty personnel reported experiencing a respiratory illness charactenzed by fever, cough, sore throat, and myalgla. Influenza A/Taiwan/1/86 (H1N1) virus was recovered from three symptomatic patients. Forty-one (68%) of 60 case-patients belonged to a 114-person squadron that had traveled to Puerto Rico for a temporary assignment from October 17-28, 1986. Among squadron members, the attack rate for persons previously vaccinated with the 1986-1987 trivalent influenza vaccine and for those unvaccinated was the same (37%). Transααααααmission of infection among squadron personnel appeared to have commenced in Key West and continued in a barracks in Puerto Rico and aboard two DC-9 aircraft that transported the squadron back to Key West on October 28. There was no evidence that the outbreak spread to the surrounding civllian communities in Puerto Rico or Key West This was the first reported outbreak of respiratory illness due to influenza A/Talwan/1/86 (H1N1) in the continental United States in the 1986-1987 influenza season.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)341-348
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican journal of epidemiology
Volume129
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1989
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Influenza
  • Military personnel
  • Travel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

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