An NMR Phased Array for Human Cardiac 31P Spectroscopy

Christopher J. Hardy, Paul A. Bottomley, Ken W. Rohling, Peter B. Roemer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations


A four‐coil phased‐array 31P NMR receiver was designed and tested for human cardiac applications, to determine whether the combination of relatively high signal‐to‐noise ratio (SNR) and large field of view produced in 1H imaging is also realized for in vivo 31P spectroscopy. Spectra were acquired in parallel from an array of four overlapping 6.5‐cm surface coils using one‐ and two‐dimensional phase‐encoding pulse sequences and were optimally combined to yield composite spectroscopic images. The phased array was found to generate useful 31P spectra from a 2.5‐fold wider lateral region around the anterior myocardium than a single receiver of the same size as the array elements, with no increase in imaging time. In addition, the sensitive depth was increased by up to 2 cm over that of a single coil. Spectra could be acquired in roughly 15 min from a region extending to the middle of the heart, with voxel sizes of 2 X 2 X 4 cm3. For the average heart voxel, the SNR of the combined spectrum was higher than that of the best spectrum from any one coil in the array by 30%, with some voxels showing an increase as high as 60%.© 1992 Academic Press,Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)54-64
Number of pages11
JournalMagnetic resonance in medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - Nov 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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