An international survey of aquaponics practitioners

David C Love, Jillian Fry, Laura Genello, Elizabeth S. Hill, J. Adam Frederick, Ximin Li, Ken Semmens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aquaponics, a combination of fish farming and soilless plant farming, is growing in popularity and gaining attention as an important and potentially more sustainable method of food production. The aim of this study was to document and analyze the production methods, experiences, motivations, and demographics of aquaponics practitioners in the United States (US) and internationally. The survey was distributed online using a chain sampling method that relied on referrals from initial respondents, with 809 respondents meeting the inclusion criteria. The majority of respondents were from the US (80%), male (78%), and had at least a high school degree (91%). The mean age of respondents was 47±13 years old. Most respondents (52%) had three years or less of aquaponics experience. Respondents typically raised tilapia or ornamental fish and a variety of leafy green vegetables, herbs, and fruiting crops. Respondents were most often motivated to become involved in aquaponics to grow their own food, for environmental sustainability reasons, and for personal health reasons. Many respondents employed more than one method to raise crops, and used alternative or environmentally sustainable sources of energy, water, and fish feed. In general, our findings suggest that aquaponics is a dynamic and rapidly growing field with participants who are actively experimenting with and adopting new technologies. Additional research and outreach is needed to evaluate and communicate best practices within the field. This survey is the first large-scale effort to track aquaponics in the US and provides information that can better inform policy, research, and education efforts regarding aquaponics as it matures and possibly evolves into a mainstream form of agriculture.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere102662
JournalPLoS One
Volume9
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 16 2014

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aquaponics
Fish
Crops
Vegetables
Agriculture
Sustainable development
Education
Fishes
Health
Sampling
research policy
Water
ornamental fish
high schools
outreach
environmental sustainability
green leafy vegetables
tilapia (common name)
fish culture
crops

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Love, D. C., Fry, J., Genello, L., Hill, E. S., Frederick, J. A., Li, X., & Semmens, K. (2014). An international survey of aquaponics practitioners. PLoS One, 9(7), [e102662]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0102662

An international survey of aquaponics practitioners. / Love, David C; Fry, Jillian; Genello, Laura; Hill, Elizabeth S.; Frederick, J. Adam; Li, Ximin; Semmens, Ken.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 9, No. 7, e102662, 16.07.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Love, DC, Fry, J, Genello, L, Hill, ES, Frederick, JA, Li, X & Semmens, K 2014, 'An international survey of aquaponics practitioners', PLoS One, vol. 9, no. 7, e102662. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0102662
Love DC, Fry J, Genello L, Hill ES, Frederick JA, Li X et al. An international survey of aquaponics practitioners. PLoS One. 2014 Jul 16;9(7). e102662. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0102662
Love, David C ; Fry, Jillian ; Genello, Laura ; Hill, Elizabeth S. ; Frederick, J. Adam ; Li, Ximin ; Semmens, Ken. / An international survey of aquaponics practitioners. In: PLoS One. 2014 ; Vol. 9, No. 7.
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