An international series on abdominal radical trachelectomy 101 patients and 28 pregnancies

Stephanie L. Wethington, David Cibula, Linda R. Duska, Leslie Garrett, Christine H. Kim, Dennis S. Chi, Yukio Sonoda, Nadeem R. Abu-Rustum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: Abdominal radical trachelectomy (ART) is a type C resection (uterine vessels ligated at origin from the hypogastric vessels). Questions arise as to whether fertility is maintained after ART, particularly when uterine vessels are sacrificed. We report an international series on ART to describe fertility and oncologic outcomes. Methods: Databases at 3 institutions were queried to identify patients planned for ART from 1999 to 2011. Clinical and demographic data were gathered. Results: One hundred one patients underwent ART. Mean age was 31 years (range, 19-43 years). Histologic classifications were adenocarcinoma (n = 54), squamous cell carcinoma (n = 40), adenosquamous carcinoma (n = 6), and clear cell carcinoma (n = 1). Twenty patients (20%) required conversion to hysterectomy (10 margins and 10 nodes). Eight patients underwent completion hysterectomy owing to the following: positive margins on final pathology (n = 3), patient's choice (n = 4), or recurrence (n = 1). Postoperatively, 20 patients (20%) received adjuvant chemotherapy and/or radiation (4 final pathology margins and 16 nodes). Four patients (4%) had recurrence and lived 22 to 35 months after diagnosis. Of the 70 women who had neither hysterectomy nor adjuvant therapy, 38 (54%) attempted pregnancy and 28 (74%) achieved pregnancy. Thirty-one pregnancies resulted in 16 (52%) third trimester deliveries. Six patients are currently pregnant with outcomes pending. Conclusions: These data demonstrate that ART preserves fertility and maintains excellent oncologic outcomes. Most women (74%) attempting pregnancy after ART are able to achieve pregnancy and deliver in the third trimester (52%). Preservation of the uterine vasculature is not necessary for fertility; obstetrical outcomes are similar to those of the historical vaginal radical trachelectomy cohorts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1251-1257
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Volume22
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cervical cancer
  • Fertility preservation
  • Trachelectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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