An integrated multi-institutional diabetes prevention program improves knowledge and healthy food acquisition in northwestern Ontario First Nations

Lara S. Ho, Joel Gittelsohn, Rajiv Rimal, Margarita S. Treuth, Sangita Sharma, Amanda Rosecrans, Stewart B. Harris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This article presents the impact results of a feasibility study in Canada for prevention of risk factors for diabetes in seven northwestern Ontario First Nations. Baseline and follow-up data were collected before and after the 9-month intervention program in schools, stores, and communities that aimed to improve diet and increase physical activity among adults. Regression analyses indicate a significant change in knowledge among respondents in intervention communities (p <.019). There was also a significant increase in frequency of healthy food acquisition among respondents in the intervention communities (p <.003). There were no significant changes in physical activity or body mass index in either intervention or comparison groups. The multi-institutional approach demonstrated promising results in modifying selected risk factors for diabetes First Nations communities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)561-573
Number of pages13
JournalHealth Education and Behavior
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2008

Keywords

  • Community-based intervention
  • Diabetes
  • First Nations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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