An insight into the sialotranscriptome and proteome of the coarse bontlegged tick, Hyalomma marginatum rufipes

Ivo M.B. Francischetti, Jennifer M. Anderson, Nicholas Manoukis, Van M. Pham, José M.C. Ribeiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Ticks are mites specialized in acquiring blood from vertebrates as their sole source of food and are important disease vectors to humans and animals. Among the specializations required for this peculiar diet, ticks evolved a sophisticated salivary potion that can disarm their host's hemostasis, inflammation, and immune reactions. Previous transcriptome analysis of tick salivary proteins has revealed many new protein families indicative of fast evolution, possibly due to host immune pressure. The hard ticks (family Ixodidae) are further divided into two basal groups, of which the Metastriata have 11 genera. While salivary transcriptomes and proteomes have been described for some of these genera, no tick of the genus Hyalomma has been studied so far. The analysis of 2084 expressed sequence tags (EST) from a salivary gland cDNA library allowed an exploration of the proteome of this tick species by matching peptide ions derived from MS/MS experiments to this data set. We additionally compared these MS/MS derived peptide sequences against the proteins from the bovine host, finding many host proteins in the salivary glands of this tick. This annotated data set can assist the discovery of new targets for anti-tick vaccines as well as help to identify pharmacologically active proteins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2892-2908
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Proteomics
Volume74
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 18 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hematophagy
  • Salivary glands
  • Sialome
  • Tick

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry

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