An in vivo transmission electron microscopy study of injected dextran-coated iron-oxide nanoparticle location in murine breast adenocarcinoma tumors versus time

A. J. Giustini, R. Ivkov, P. J. Hoopes

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

Investigators are just beginning to use hyperthermia generated by alternating magnetic field (AMF) activated iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) as a promising avenue for targeted cancer therapy. An important step in understanding cell death mechanisms in nanoparticle AMF treatments is to determine the location of these nanoparticles in relation to cellular organelles. In this paper, we report on transmission electron microscopy (TEM) studies designed to definethe position of 100 nm diameter dextran-coated iron oxide nanoparticles in murine breast adenocarcinoma (MTG-B) and human colon adenocarcinoma tumors propagated in mice. METHODS: Iron oxide nanoparticles (5 mg/g tumor) were injected into intradermal MTG-B flank tumors on female C3H/HEJ mice and into HT-29 flank tumors on female Nu/Nu mice. The IONPs were allowed to incubate for various times. The tumors were then excised and examined using TEM. RESULTS: In the MTG-B tumors, most of the nanoparticles reside in aggregates adjacent to cell plasma membranes prior to three hours post-injection. By four hours post injection, however, most of the nanoparticles have been endocytosed by the cells. At time periods after four hours post injection, few visible extracellular nanoparticles remain and intracellular nanoparticles have densely aggregated within endosomes. In the HT-29 tumor, however, endocytosis of nanoparticles has not progressed to the same extent as in the MTG-B tumors by four hours post injection. CONCLUSIONS: The time at which most of the nanoparticles transition from being extracellular to intracellular in the MTG-B system appears to be between two and four hours. The HT-29 cells, however, display different and delayed uptake pattern. These data show that there are IONP uptake differences between tumor types (cell lines) and that, based on known uptake kinetics, nanoparticle hyperthermia can be employed as an extracellular or intracellularmodality. These data will be important in guiding future nanoparticle hyperthermia cancer treatments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number71810M
JournalProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
Volume7181
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009
EventEnergy-based Treatment of Tissue and Assessment V - San Jose, CA, United States
Duration: Jan 25 2009Jan 26 2009

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • HT-29
  • Hyperthermia
  • IONP
  • Iron oxide nanoparticle
  • MTG-B
  • Transmission electron microscopy
  • Tumor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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