An in vitro model to predict clinical response in adult acute myelogenous leukemia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The relationship between in vitro leukemic cell growth kinetics, intracellular biochemical pharmacology of 1-β-d-arabinofuranosylcytosine (ara-C), and clinical response to ara-C-containing timed sequential therapy was examined in leukemic marrow populations from 62 adults with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). Leukemic blasts from 45 previously untreated and 17 relapse patients were obtained before therapy, and cultured in autologous pretreatment serum (APS) and in serum containing drug-induced humoral stimulatory activity (HSA). While all cell populations cultured in HSA demonstrated increased proliferation, only growth-stimulated cohorts from those patients achieving complete remission with ara-C-based therapy demonstrated enhanced intracellular drug activation and active drug retention relative to cells maintained in APS, whereas cells from nonresponsive patients demonstrated no such HSA-induced increases in intracellular ara-C metabolism. In this in vitro model system, sensitive AML populations behave similarly to normal hematopoietic cohorts, with direct linkage of HSA-perturbed growth and net pharmacologic parameters, while refractory cohorts evince uncoupling of these determinants in the growth-stimulated state. This model identifies behavior patterns that may discriminate clinical sensitivity from clinical resistance and may serve to predict clinical outcome to timed sequential therapy with ara-C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)172-181
Number of pages10
JournalSeminars in oncology
Volume14
Issue number2 SUPPL. 1
StatePublished - Jun 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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