An Examination of the Perceived Social Support Levels of Women in Methadone Maintenance Treatment Programs Who Experience Various Forms of Intimate Partner Violence

Subadra Panchanadeswaran, Nabila El-Bassel, Louisa Gilbert, Elwin Wu, Mingway Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) has emerged as a serious problem among women in drug treatment programs. Research has underscored the importance of social support for abused women as well as women who use substances. Objectives: The main objectives of this study were to describe the perceived social support levels and examine the associations between various forms of IPV and perceived levels of available social support perceived levels among a sample of women in drug treatment programs. Methods: Face-to-face, structured interviews were conducted with randomly selected 416 women on methadone. Results: The prevalence of physical, sexual, and injurious IPV in the sample was 39%, 31%, and 16% respectively, and the combined IPV prevalence was 44.5%. Findings from multiple linear regression models revealed that lower levels of perceived social support were significantly associated with physical aggression (β = -4.71; p = .0001), sexual assaults (β = -4.10; p = .003), and injurious attacks (β = -4.03; p = .022). Respondents perceived highest levels of social support from their "significant others" (mean = 5.64; standard deviation [SD] = 1.27) and lowest levels of social support from friends (mean = 4.20; SD = 1.48). The average network size was 2.7 individuals. Implications: Findings from this study highlighted significantly lower levels of perceived social support levels for drug-using women in the context of IPV experiences. Interventions with these women should focus on strengthening social support networks that enable help seeking for both IPV and substance abuse issues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-43
Number of pages9
JournalWomen's Health Issues
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Methadone
Social Support
social support
violence
examination
experience
Therapeutics
drug
Linear Models
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Battered Women
Intimate Partner Violence
assault
substance abuse
aggression
Aggression
Substance-Related Disorders
regression
Interviews
interview

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Nursing(all)
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

An Examination of the Perceived Social Support Levels of Women in Methadone Maintenance Treatment Programs Who Experience Various Forms of Intimate Partner Violence. / Panchanadeswaran, Subadra; El-Bassel, Nabila; Gilbert, Louisa; Wu, Elwin; Chang, Mingway.

In: Women's Health Issues, Vol. 18, No. 1, 01.2008, p. 35-43.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Panchanadeswaran, Subadra ; El-Bassel, Nabila ; Gilbert, Louisa ; Wu, Elwin ; Chang, Mingway. / An Examination of the Perceived Social Support Levels of Women in Methadone Maintenance Treatment Programs Who Experience Various Forms of Intimate Partner Violence. In: Women's Health Issues. 2008 ; Vol. 18, No. 1. pp. 35-43.
@article{40fd9c9e8a6a48259d7047c3a4eb2d76,
title = "An Examination of the Perceived Social Support Levels of Women in Methadone Maintenance Treatment Programs Who Experience Various Forms of Intimate Partner Violence",
abstract = "Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) has emerged as a serious problem among women in drug treatment programs. Research has underscored the importance of social support for abused women as well as women who use substances. Objectives: The main objectives of this study were to describe the perceived social support levels and examine the associations between various forms of IPV and perceived levels of available social support perceived levels among a sample of women in drug treatment programs. Methods: Face-to-face, structured interviews were conducted with randomly selected 416 women on methadone. Results: The prevalence of physical, sexual, and injurious IPV in the sample was 39{\%}, 31{\%}, and 16{\%} respectively, and the combined IPV prevalence was 44.5{\%}. Findings from multiple linear regression models revealed that lower levels of perceived social support were significantly associated with physical aggression (β = -4.71; p = .0001), sexual assaults (β = -4.10; p = .003), and injurious attacks (β = -4.03; p = .022). Respondents perceived highest levels of social support from their {"}significant others{"} (mean = 5.64; standard deviation [SD] = 1.27) and lowest levels of social support from friends (mean = 4.20; SD = 1.48). The average network size was 2.7 individuals. Implications: Findings from this study highlighted significantly lower levels of perceived social support levels for drug-using women in the context of IPV experiences. Interventions with these women should focus on strengthening social support networks that enable help seeking for both IPV and substance abuse issues.",
author = "Subadra Panchanadeswaran and Nabila El-Bassel and Louisa Gilbert and Elwin Wu and Mingway Chang",
year = "2008",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.whi.2007.10.007",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "18",
pages = "35--43",
journal = "Women's Health Issues",
issn = "1049-3867",
publisher = "Elsevier USA",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - An Examination of the Perceived Social Support Levels of Women in Methadone Maintenance Treatment Programs Who Experience Various Forms of Intimate Partner Violence

AU - Panchanadeswaran, Subadra

AU - El-Bassel, Nabila

AU - Gilbert, Louisa

AU - Wu, Elwin

AU - Chang, Mingway

PY - 2008/1

Y1 - 2008/1

N2 - Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) has emerged as a serious problem among women in drug treatment programs. Research has underscored the importance of social support for abused women as well as women who use substances. Objectives: The main objectives of this study were to describe the perceived social support levels and examine the associations between various forms of IPV and perceived levels of available social support perceived levels among a sample of women in drug treatment programs. Methods: Face-to-face, structured interviews were conducted with randomly selected 416 women on methadone. Results: The prevalence of physical, sexual, and injurious IPV in the sample was 39%, 31%, and 16% respectively, and the combined IPV prevalence was 44.5%. Findings from multiple linear regression models revealed that lower levels of perceived social support were significantly associated with physical aggression (β = -4.71; p = .0001), sexual assaults (β = -4.10; p = .003), and injurious attacks (β = -4.03; p = .022). Respondents perceived highest levels of social support from their "significant others" (mean = 5.64; standard deviation [SD] = 1.27) and lowest levels of social support from friends (mean = 4.20; SD = 1.48). The average network size was 2.7 individuals. Implications: Findings from this study highlighted significantly lower levels of perceived social support levels for drug-using women in the context of IPV experiences. Interventions with these women should focus on strengthening social support networks that enable help seeking for both IPV and substance abuse issues.

AB - Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) has emerged as a serious problem among women in drug treatment programs. Research has underscored the importance of social support for abused women as well as women who use substances. Objectives: The main objectives of this study were to describe the perceived social support levels and examine the associations between various forms of IPV and perceived levels of available social support perceived levels among a sample of women in drug treatment programs. Methods: Face-to-face, structured interviews were conducted with randomly selected 416 women on methadone. Results: The prevalence of physical, sexual, and injurious IPV in the sample was 39%, 31%, and 16% respectively, and the combined IPV prevalence was 44.5%. Findings from multiple linear regression models revealed that lower levels of perceived social support were significantly associated with physical aggression (β = -4.71; p = .0001), sexual assaults (β = -4.10; p = .003), and injurious attacks (β = -4.03; p = .022). Respondents perceived highest levels of social support from their "significant others" (mean = 5.64; standard deviation [SD] = 1.27) and lowest levels of social support from friends (mean = 4.20; SD = 1.48). The average network size was 2.7 individuals. Implications: Findings from this study highlighted significantly lower levels of perceived social support levels for drug-using women in the context of IPV experiences. Interventions with these women should focus on strengthening social support networks that enable help seeking for both IPV and substance abuse issues.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=38149059971&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=38149059971&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.whi.2007.10.007

DO - 10.1016/j.whi.2007.10.007

M3 - Article

VL - 18

SP - 35

EP - 43

JO - Women's Health Issues

JF - Women's Health Issues

SN - 1049-3867

IS - 1

ER -