An Ex Vivo evaluation of an inflatable bone tamp used to reduce fractures within vertebral bodies under load

Stephen M. Belkoff, Louis E. Jasper, Sheila S. Stevens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Study Design. Ex vivo biomechanical study using osteoporotic cadaveric vertebral bodies. Objective. To determine if fracture reduction could be achieved by the inflatable bone tamp (tamp) in vertebral bodies under simulated physiologic loads. Summary of Background Data. Previous ex vivo biomechanical studies showed that kyphoplasty restored vertebral body height with vertebral body endplates under stress-free conditions. Methods. Simulated compression fractures were experimentally created in 18 osteoporotic vertebral bodies alternatingly assigned to one of two treatment (tamp inflation) groups: low axial load (111 N) or high axial load (222 N). Each vertebral body was then placed between two platens in a special radiolucent loading fixture and subjected to the preassigned load to simulate in vivo physiologic loading. The tamps were inflated and postreduction heights were measured fluoroscopically. The effect of applied load and condition on vertebral body height was checked for significance (P < 0.05). Results. Comparing the experimental conditions (initial, postcompression, postinflation), there were no significant vertebral body height differences between the load groups (low load vs. high load). However, vertebral body height differences between conditions within each load group were all significant. For the low-load and highload groups, mean postinflation heights (24.4 and 24.4 mm) were significantly greater than mean postcompression heights (21.6 and 22.5 mm) but significantly less than initial vertebral body heights (26.6 and 26.3 mm), respectively. Initial heights were fully restored in 22% (two of nine) of vertebral bodies in both groups. Conclusion. The inflatable bone tamp restored some of the height lost to compression fractures in vertebral bodies under simulated physiologic loads.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1640-1643
Number of pages4
JournalSpine
Volume27
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2002

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Keywords

  • Biomechanical evaluation
  • Compression fractures
  • Inflatable bone tamp
  • Kyphoplasty
  • Osteoporosis
  • Vertebroplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology

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