An essential role of the JAK-STAT pathway in ischemic preconditioning

Y. T. Xuan, Y. Guo, H. Han, Y. Zhu, R. Bolli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The goal of this study was to determine the role of the Janus tyrosine kinase (JAK)-signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) pathway in the late phase of ischemic preconditioning (PC). A total of 230 mice were used. At 5 min after ischemic PC (induced with six cycles of 4-min coronary occlusion/4-min reperfusion), immunoprecipitation with anti-phosphotyrosine (anti-pTyr) antibodies followed by immunoblotting with anti-JAK antibodies revealed increased tyrosine phosphorylation of JAK1 (+257 ± 53%) and JAK2 (+238 ± 35%), indicating rapid activation of these two kinases. Similar results were obtained by immunoblotting with anti-pTyr-JAK1 and anti-pTyr-JAK2 antibodies. Western analysis with anti-pTyr-STAT antibodies demonstrated a marked increase in nuclear pTyr-STAT1 (+301 ± 61%) and pTyr-STAT3 (+253 ± 60%) 30 min after ischemic PC, which was associated with redistribution of STAT1 and STAT3 from the cytosolic to the nuclear fraction and with an increase in STAT1 and STAT3 γ-IFN activation site DNA-binding activity (+606 ± 64%), indicating activation of STAT1 and STAT3. No nuclear translocation or tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT2, STAT4, STAT5A, STATSB, or STAT6 was observed. Pretreatment with the JAK inhibitor AG-490 20 min before the six occlusion/reperfusion cycles blocked the enhanced tyrosine phosphorylation of JAK1 and JAK2 and the increased tyrosine phosphorylation, nuclear translocation, and enhanced DNA-binding activity of STAT1 and STAT3. The same dose of AG-490 abrogated the protection against myocardial infarction and the concomitant up-regulation of inducible NO synthase (iNOS) protein and activity observed 24 h after ischemic PC. Taken together, these results demonstrate that ischemic PC induces isoform-selective activation of JAK1, JAK2, STAT1, and STAT3, and that ablation of this response impedes the up-regulation of iNOS and the concurrent acquisition of ischemic tolerance. This study demonstrates that the JAK-STAT pathway plays an essential role in the development of late PC. The results reveal a signaling mechanism that underlies the transcriptional up-regulation of the cardiac iNOS gene and the adaptation of the heart to ischemic stress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9050-9055
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume98
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 31 2001
Externally publishedYes

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Janus Kinases
Ischemic Preconditioning
Transducers
Phosphotyrosine
Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
Tyrosine
Phosphorylation
Nitric Oxide Synthase
Up-Regulation
Immunoblotting
Reperfusion
Antibodies
Coronary Occlusion
DNA
Immunoprecipitation
Anti-Idiotypic Antibodies
Protein Isoforms
Phosphotransferases
Myocardial Infarction
Binding Sites

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • General

Cite this

An essential role of the JAK-STAT pathway in ischemic preconditioning. / Xuan, Y. T.; Guo, Y.; Han, H.; Zhu, Y.; Bolli, R.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 98, No. 16, 31.07.2001, p. 9050-9055.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Xuan, Y. T. ; Guo, Y. ; Han, H. ; Zhu, Y. ; Bolli, R. / An essential role of the JAK-STAT pathway in ischemic preconditioning. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2001 ; Vol. 98, No. 16. pp. 9050-9055.
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abstract = "The goal of this study was to determine the role of the Janus tyrosine kinase (JAK)-signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) pathway in the late phase of ischemic preconditioning (PC). A total of 230 mice were used. At 5 min after ischemic PC (induced with six cycles of 4-min coronary occlusion/4-min reperfusion), immunoprecipitation with anti-phosphotyrosine (anti-pTyr) antibodies followed by immunoblotting with anti-JAK antibodies revealed increased tyrosine phosphorylation of JAK1 (+257 ± 53{\%}) and JAK2 (+238 ± 35{\%}), indicating rapid activation of these two kinases. Similar results were obtained by immunoblotting with anti-pTyr-JAK1 and anti-pTyr-JAK2 antibodies. Western analysis with anti-pTyr-STAT antibodies demonstrated a marked increase in nuclear pTyr-STAT1 (+301 ± 61{\%}) and pTyr-STAT3 (+253 ± 60{\%}) 30 min after ischemic PC, which was associated with redistribution of STAT1 and STAT3 from the cytosolic to the nuclear fraction and with an increase in STAT1 and STAT3 γ-IFN activation site DNA-binding activity (+606 ± 64{\%}), indicating activation of STAT1 and STAT3. No nuclear translocation or tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT2, STAT4, STAT5A, STATSB, or STAT6 was observed. Pretreatment with the JAK inhibitor AG-490 20 min before the six occlusion/reperfusion cycles blocked the enhanced tyrosine phosphorylation of JAK1 and JAK2 and the increased tyrosine phosphorylation, nuclear translocation, and enhanced DNA-binding activity of STAT1 and STAT3. The same dose of AG-490 abrogated the protection against myocardial infarction and the concomitant up-regulation of inducible NO synthase (iNOS) protein and activity observed 24 h after ischemic PC. Taken together, these results demonstrate that ischemic PC induces isoform-selective activation of JAK1, JAK2, STAT1, and STAT3, and that ablation of this response impedes the up-regulation of iNOS and the concurrent acquisition of ischemic tolerance. This study demonstrates that the JAK-STAT pathway plays an essential role in the development of late PC. The results reveal a signaling mechanism that underlies the transcriptional up-regulation of the cardiac iNOS gene and the adaptation of the heart to ischemic stress.",
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N2 - The goal of this study was to determine the role of the Janus tyrosine kinase (JAK)-signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) pathway in the late phase of ischemic preconditioning (PC). A total of 230 mice were used. At 5 min after ischemic PC (induced with six cycles of 4-min coronary occlusion/4-min reperfusion), immunoprecipitation with anti-phosphotyrosine (anti-pTyr) antibodies followed by immunoblotting with anti-JAK antibodies revealed increased tyrosine phosphorylation of JAK1 (+257 ± 53%) and JAK2 (+238 ± 35%), indicating rapid activation of these two kinases. Similar results were obtained by immunoblotting with anti-pTyr-JAK1 and anti-pTyr-JAK2 antibodies. Western analysis with anti-pTyr-STAT antibodies demonstrated a marked increase in nuclear pTyr-STAT1 (+301 ± 61%) and pTyr-STAT3 (+253 ± 60%) 30 min after ischemic PC, which was associated with redistribution of STAT1 and STAT3 from the cytosolic to the nuclear fraction and with an increase in STAT1 and STAT3 γ-IFN activation site DNA-binding activity (+606 ± 64%), indicating activation of STAT1 and STAT3. No nuclear translocation or tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT2, STAT4, STAT5A, STATSB, or STAT6 was observed. Pretreatment with the JAK inhibitor AG-490 20 min before the six occlusion/reperfusion cycles blocked the enhanced tyrosine phosphorylation of JAK1 and JAK2 and the increased tyrosine phosphorylation, nuclear translocation, and enhanced DNA-binding activity of STAT1 and STAT3. The same dose of AG-490 abrogated the protection against myocardial infarction and the concomitant up-regulation of inducible NO synthase (iNOS) protein and activity observed 24 h after ischemic PC. Taken together, these results demonstrate that ischemic PC induces isoform-selective activation of JAK1, JAK2, STAT1, and STAT3, and that ablation of this response impedes the up-regulation of iNOS and the concurrent acquisition of ischemic tolerance. This study demonstrates that the JAK-STAT pathway plays an essential role in the development of late PC. The results reveal a signaling mechanism that underlies the transcriptional up-regulation of the cardiac iNOS gene and the adaptation of the heart to ischemic stress.

AB - The goal of this study was to determine the role of the Janus tyrosine kinase (JAK)-signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) pathway in the late phase of ischemic preconditioning (PC). A total of 230 mice were used. At 5 min after ischemic PC (induced with six cycles of 4-min coronary occlusion/4-min reperfusion), immunoprecipitation with anti-phosphotyrosine (anti-pTyr) antibodies followed by immunoblotting with anti-JAK antibodies revealed increased tyrosine phosphorylation of JAK1 (+257 ± 53%) and JAK2 (+238 ± 35%), indicating rapid activation of these two kinases. Similar results were obtained by immunoblotting with anti-pTyr-JAK1 and anti-pTyr-JAK2 antibodies. Western analysis with anti-pTyr-STAT antibodies demonstrated a marked increase in nuclear pTyr-STAT1 (+301 ± 61%) and pTyr-STAT3 (+253 ± 60%) 30 min after ischemic PC, which was associated with redistribution of STAT1 and STAT3 from the cytosolic to the nuclear fraction and with an increase in STAT1 and STAT3 γ-IFN activation site DNA-binding activity (+606 ± 64%), indicating activation of STAT1 and STAT3. No nuclear translocation or tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT2, STAT4, STAT5A, STATSB, or STAT6 was observed. Pretreatment with the JAK inhibitor AG-490 20 min before the six occlusion/reperfusion cycles blocked the enhanced tyrosine phosphorylation of JAK1 and JAK2 and the increased tyrosine phosphorylation, nuclear translocation, and enhanced DNA-binding activity of STAT1 and STAT3. The same dose of AG-490 abrogated the protection against myocardial infarction and the concomitant up-regulation of inducible NO synthase (iNOS) protein and activity observed 24 h after ischemic PC. Taken together, these results demonstrate that ischemic PC induces isoform-selective activation of JAK1, JAK2, STAT1, and STAT3, and that ablation of this response impedes the up-regulation of iNOS and the concurrent acquisition of ischemic tolerance. This study demonstrates that the JAK-STAT pathway plays an essential role in the development of late PC. The results reveal a signaling mechanism that underlies the transcriptional up-regulation of the cardiac iNOS gene and the adaptation of the heart to ischemic stress.

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