Using recombinant bead-conjugated emerin, we affinity-purified seven proteins from HeLa cell nuclear lysates that bind emerin either directly or indirectly. These proteins were identified by mass spectrometry as nuclear αII-spectrin, nonmuscle myosin heavy chain alpha, Lmo7 (a predicted transcription regulator; reported separately), nuclear myosin I, β-actin (reported separately), calponin 3, and SIKE. We now report that emerin binds nuclear myosin I (NMI, a molecular motor) directly in vitro. Furthermore, bead-conjugated emerin bound nuclear αII-spectrin and NMI equally well with or without ATP (which stimulates motor activity), whereas ATP decreased actin binding by 65%. Thus αII-spectrin and NMI interact stably with emerin. To investigate the physiological relevance of these interactions, we used antibodies against emerin to affinity-purify emerin-associated protein complexes from HeLa cells and then further purified by ion-exchange chromatography to resolve by net charge and by size exclusion chromatography yielding six distinct emerin-containing fractions (0.5-1.6 MDa). Western blotting suggested that each complex had distinct components involved in nuclear architecture (e.g., NMI, αII-spectrin, lamins) or gene or chromatin regulation (BAF, transcription regulators, HDACs). Additional constituents were identified by mass spectrometry. One putative gene-regulatory complex (complex 32) included core components of the nuclear corepressor (NCoR) complex, which mediates gene regulation by thyroid hormone and other nuclear receptors. When expressed in HeLa cells, FLAG-tagged NCoR subunits Gps2, HDAC3, TBLR1, and NCoR each co-immunoprecipitated emerin, validating one putative complex. These findings support the hypothesis that emerin scaffolds a variety of functionally distinct multiprotein complexes at the nuclear envelope in vivo. Notably included are nuclear myosin I-containing complexes that might sense and regulate mechanical tension at the nuclear envelope.
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