An autoantibody in pemphigus serum, specific for the 59 kD keratin, selectively binds the surface of keratinocytes: Evidence for an extracellular keratin domain

Luis A. Diaz, Sebastiao A.P. Sampaio, Ciro R. Martins, Evandro A. Rivitti, Mario L. Macca, Justin T. Roscoe, Yuzo Takahashi, Ramzy S. Labib, Harish P. Patel, Diya F. Mutasim, Elizabeth M. Dugan, Grant J. Anhalt

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Abstract

We have identified a novel IgG antikeratin autoantibody in the serum of a Brazilian pemphigus foliaceus patient (Cascas-42). This antibody is specific for the 59 kD acidic murine keratin and its 56.5 kD human counterpart (Moll's catalogue #10), and is distinct from the pemphigus antibody system. Antikeratin autoantibodies present in the Cascas-42 serum were purified by affinity chromatography with a 59 kD murine keratin-agarose column (IAP-Cascas-42 antibodies). The specificity of the IAP-Cascas-42 antibodies was tested by indirect immunofluorescence and immunoelectron microscopy against epidermal cryosections, trypsin-dissociated keratinocytes, and epidermal cell cultures. The serum was also tested with extracts from unlabeled and surface 125I-labeled keratinocytes (Iodo-Gen method) by immunoblot analysis of one- and two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The IAP-Cascas-42 antibodies bind the intercellular spaces of murine epidermis, and the cell surfaces of viable, dissociated murine keratinocytes, as well as murine epidermal cells in culture by immunofluorescence and immunoelectron microscopy. These autoantibodies did not stain cytoplasmic keratins and did not react with parallel human epidermal substrates. The Cascas-42 serum identified the 59 kD murine acidic keratin and its 56.5 kD human counterpart in epidermal extracts by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and immunoblot analysis. In addition, surface radioiodination of viable murine keratinocytes selectively labeled the 59 kD keratin suggesting that a domain of this molecule is exposed on the cell surface. The 125I-labeled 59 kD keratin was also recognized by the Cascas-42 serum by immunoblotting and autoradiography. These studies suggest that in murine epidermis, the 59 kD keratin is a transmembrane protein with an extracellular domain recognized by the IAP-Cascas-42 antibodies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-295
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Investigative Dermatology
Volume89
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1987

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Dermatology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Diaz, L. A., Sampaio, S. A. P., Martins, C. R., Rivitti, E. A., Macca, M. L., Roscoe, J. T., Takahashi, Y., Labib, R. S., Patel, H. P., Mutasim, D. F., Dugan, E. M., & Anhalt, G. J. (1987). An autoantibody in pemphigus serum, specific for the 59 kD keratin, selectively binds the surface of keratinocytes: Evidence for an extracellular keratin domain. Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 89(3), 287-295. https://doi.org/10.1111/1523-1747.ep12471451