An approach to pericardial effusion in hemodialysis patients

John R Burton, J. R. Wands, G. C. Voigt, S. Sterioff, D. G. Caralis, J. B. Zachary, G. W. Smith

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Cardiac tamponade from pericardial effusion in hemodialysis patients is life threatening. Precipitation of tamponade during the period of hemodialysis is common and it may occur catastrophically. Emergency pericardiocentesis may not be successful because of logistic delays or unapproachable loculation of fluid. Over a short period these problems were seen in 4 patients with one subsequent death. An approach to hemodialysis patients with pericardial effusion which may provide a method of assessing the hemodynamic significance of pericardial fluid before overt tamponade, is suggested and outlined. During dialysis three common hemodynamic changes in patients with pericardial effusion require clear separation because of different therapeutic approaches. These are: volume depletion, congestive heart failure and cardiac tamponade. Distinction is not possible with simple right atrial pressure monitoring but can be made using a Swan Ganz catheter placed in the pulmonary artery. Anterior pericardiectomy before overt tamponade is suggested in patients with hemodynamically important effusion requiring hemodialysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationJohns Hopkins Medical Journal
Pages312-320
Number of pages9
Volume133
Edition6
StatePublished - 1973

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Pericardial Effusion
Renal Dialysis
Cardiac Tamponade
Hemodynamics
Pericardiocentesis
Pericardiectomy
Atrial Pressure
Pulmonary Artery
Dialysis
Emergencies
Catheters
Heart Failure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Burton, J. R., Wands, J. R., Voigt, G. C., Sterioff, S., Caralis, D. G., Zachary, J. B., & Smith, G. W. (1973). An approach to pericardial effusion in hemodialysis patients. In Johns Hopkins Medical Journal (6 ed., Vol. 133, pp. 312-320)

An approach to pericardial effusion in hemodialysis patients. / Burton, John R; Wands, J. R.; Voigt, G. C.; Sterioff, S.; Caralis, D. G.; Zachary, J. B.; Smith, G. W.

Johns Hopkins Medical Journal. Vol. 133 6. ed. 1973. p. 312-320.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Burton, JR, Wands, JR, Voigt, GC, Sterioff, S, Caralis, DG, Zachary, JB & Smith, GW 1973, An approach to pericardial effusion in hemodialysis patients. in Johns Hopkins Medical Journal. 6 edn, vol. 133, pp. 312-320.
Burton JR, Wands JR, Voigt GC, Sterioff S, Caralis DG, Zachary JB et al. An approach to pericardial effusion in hemodialysis patients. In Johns Hopkins Medical Journal. 6 ed. Vol. 133. 1973. p. 312-320
Burton, John R ; Wands, J. R. ; Voigt, G. C. ; Sterioff, S. ; Caralis, D. G. ; Zachary, J. B. ; Smith, G. W. / An approach to pericardial effusion in hemodialysis patients. Johns Hopkins Medical Journal. Vol. 133 6. ed. 1973. pp. 312-320
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