An analysis of the reinforcing properties of hand mouthing.

H. L. Goh, B. A. Iwata, B. A. Shore, I. G. DeLeon, D. C. Lerman, S. M. Ulrich, R. G. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Hand mouthing often has been described as a stereotypic response that is maintained by nonsocial (automatic) reinforcement; however, data supporting this conclusion can be found in relatively few studies. This series of studies presents an experimental analysis of conditions associated with the maintenance of hand mouthing. In Experiment 1, a functional analysis was conducted for 12 individuals who engaged in chronic hand mouthing, to determine whether the behavior is usually maintained independent of social contingencies. Results obtained for 10 subjects were consistent with an automatic reinforcement hypothesis; the remaining 2 subjects' hand mouthing was maintained by social-positive reinforcement. Based on these results, Experiment 2 was designed to identify the specific reinforcing properties of hand mouthing. Each of 4 subjects was provided with a toy that substituted for hand mouthing, and preference for a specific topography of toy manipulation (hand-toy contact or mouth-toy contact) was measured. Results indicated that hand stimulation was the predominant reinforcer for all subjects. Experiment 3 provided an extension of Experiment 2 in that the same responses were measured across a variety of toys presented to each of 5 subjects. Results again indicated that hand stimulation was the predominant reinforcer for all subjects. Implications of these results are discussed with relevance to treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)269-283
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Applied Behavior Analysis
Volume28
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1995
Externally publishedYes

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toy
Hand
Play and Playthings
reinforcement
experiment
contact
functional analysis
contingency
manipulation
Toys
Experiment
geography
Mouth
Reinforcement
Maintenance
Stimulation
Reinforcement (Psychology)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Goh, H. L., Iwata, B. A., Shore, B. A., DeLeon, I. G., Lerman, D. C., Ulrich, S. M., & Smith, R. G. (1995). An analysis of the reinforcing properties of hand mouthing. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 28(3), 269-283.

An analysis of the reinforcing properties of hand mouthing. / Goh, H. L.; Iwata, B. A.; Shore, B. A.; DeLeon, I. G.; Lerman, D. C.; Ulrich, S. M.; Smith, R. G.

In: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, Vol. 28, No. 3, 09.1995, p. 269-283.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Goh, HL, Iwata, BA, Shore, BA, DeLeon, IG, Lerman, DC, Ulrich, SM & Smith, RG 1995, 'An analysis of the reinforcing properties of hand mouthing.', Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 269-283.
Goh HL, Iwata BA, Shore BA, DeLeon IG, Lerman DC, Ulrich SM et al. An analysis of the reinforcing properties of hand mouthing. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis. 1995 Sep;28(3):269-283.
Goh, H. L. ; Iwata, B. A. ; Shore, B. A. ; DeLeon, I. G. ; Lerman, D. C. ; Ulrich, S. M. ; Smith, R. G. / An analysis of the reinforcing properties of hand mouthing. In: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis. 1995 ; Vol. 28, No. 3. pp. 269-283.
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