Background and Purpose- The introduction of balloon remodeling has revolutionized the approach to coiling of wide-neck aneurysms. We studied the effects of balloon inflation during coil embolization on ischemic complications. Methods- A retrospective review was undertaken of the most recent 147 patients undergoing balloon remodeling for unruptured intracranial aneurysm coil embolization at a single institution (81 balloon, 66 unassisted). All underwent postprocedural MRI. Results- Among patients in the "balloon" group, the mean total inflation time was 18 minutes (range, 1-43), a mean number of inflations of 4 (range, 1-9), a mean maximum single inflation time of 7 minutes (range, 1-19), a mean reperfusion time of 2.2 minutes between inflations, and an average procedure time of 2 hours and 10 minutes. Asymptomatic diffusion-weighted imaging abnormalities were detected on postprocedural MRI in 21.5% of patients and symptomatic lesions were identified in 3.8%. Both silent and symptomatic ischemic rates were similar in the internal control group. Patients with ischemic findings were older and more likely have diabetes; no differences were found with respect to total balloon inflation time, number of inflations, maximum inflation time, or reperfusion times. Conclusions- We found no significant relationship between balloon inflation practices and ischemic events. Older and diabetic patients were more likely to have ischemic events develop.
- coil embolization
- diffusion-weighted imaging
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Advanced and Specialized Nursing