An active role for tRNA in decoding beyond codon:anticodon pairing

Luisa Cochella, Rachel Green

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

During transfer RNA (tRNA) selection, a cognate codon:anticodon interaction triggers a series of events that ultimately results in the acceptance of that tRNA into the ribosome for peptide-bond formation. High-fidelity discrimination between the cognate tRNA and near- and noncognate ones depends both on their differential dissociation rates from the ribosome and on specific acceleration of forward rate constants by cognate species. Here we show that a mutant tRNATrp carrying a single substitution in its D-arm achieves elevated levels of miscoding by accelerating these forward rate constants independent of codon:anticodon pairing in the decoding center. These data provide evidence for a direct role for tRNA in signaling its own acceptance during decoding and support its fundamental role during the evolution of protein synthesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1178-1180
Number of pages3
JournalScience
Volume308
Issue number5725
DOIs
StatePublished - May 20 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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