An academic-government-faith partnership to build disaster mental health preparedness and community resilience

O. Lee McCabe, Natalie L. Semon, Jeffrey M. Lating, George S. Everly, Charlene J. Perry, Suzanne Straub Moore, Adrian M. Mosley, Carol B. Thompson, Jonathan M. Links

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives. Faculty and affiliates of the Johns Hopkins Preparedness and Emergency Response Research Center partnered with local health departments and faith-based organizations to develop a dual-intervention model of capacity- building for public mental health preparedness and community resilience. Project objectives included (1) determining the feasibility of the tri-partite collaborative concept; (2) designing, delivering, and evaluating psychological first aid (PFA) training and guided preparedness planning (GPP); and (3) documenting preliminary evidence of the sustainability and impact of the model. Methods. We evaluated intervention effectiveness by analyzing pre- and post-training changes in participant responses on knowledge-acquisition tests administered to three urban and four rural community cohorts. Changes in percent of correct items and mean total correct items were evaluated. Criteria for model sustainability and impact were, respectively, observations of nonacademic partners engaging in efforts to advance post-project preparedness alliances, and project-attributable changes in preparedness-related practices of local or state governments. Results. The majority (11 of 14) test items addressing technical or practical PFA content showed significant improvement; we observed comparable testing results for GPP training. Government and faith partners developed ideas and tools for sustaining preparedness activities, and numerous project-driven changes in local and state government policies were documented. Conclusions. Results suggest that the model could be an effective approach to promoting public health preparedness and community resilience.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)96-106
Number of pages11
JournalPublic health reports
Volume129
StatePublished - Nov 1 2014

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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