Amide Proton Transfer (APT) MR imaging and Magnetization Transfer (MT) MR imaging of pediatric brain development

Hong Zhang, Huiying Kang, Xuna Zhao, Shanshan Jiang, Yi Zhang, Jinyuan Zhou, Yun Peng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: To quantify the brain maturation process during childhood using combined amide proton transfer (APT) and conventional magnetization transfer (MT) imaging at 3 Tesla. Methods: Eighty-two neurodevelopmentally normal children (44 males and 38 females; age range, 2−190 months) were imaged using an APT/MT imaging protocol with multiple saturation frequency offsets. The APT-weighted (APTW) and MT ratio (MTR) signals were quantitatively analyzed in multiple brain areas. Age-related changes in MTR and APTW were evaluated with a non-linear regression analysis. Results: The APTW signals followed a decreasing exponential curve with age in all brain regions measured (R2 = 0.7−0.8 for the corpus callosum, frontal and occipital white matter, and centrum semiovale). The most significant changes appeared within the first year. At maturation, larger decreases in APTW and lower APTW values were found in the white matter. On the contrary, the MTR signals followed an increasing exponential curve with age in the same brain regions measured, with the most significant changes appearing within the initial 2 years. There was an inverse correlation between the MTR and APTW signal intensities during brain maturation. Conclusions: Together with MT imaging, protein-based APT imaging can provide additional information in assessing brain myelination in the paediatric population. Key Points: • APTW signals followed a decreasing exponential curve with age. • The most significant APTW changes appeared within the first year • At maturation, larger APTW decreases and lower APTW appeared in white matter • MTR signals followed an increasing exponential curve with age

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3368-3376
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean radiology
Volume26
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016

Keywords

  • Amide proton transfer imaging
  • Biomarker
  • Brain maturation
  • MRI
  • Myelination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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