AMERICAN INDIAN AND ALASKA NATIVE BOYS: EARLY CHILDHOOD RISK AND RESILIENCE AMIDST CONTEXT AND CULTURE

Michelle Sarche, Greg Tafoya, Calvin D. Croy, Kyle Hill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) adolescent and adult men experience a range of health disparities relative to their non-AIAN counterparts and AIAN women. Given the relatively limited literature on early development in tribal contexts, however, indicators of risk during early childhood specific to AIAN boys are not well-known. The current article reviews sources of strength and challenge within AIAN communities for AIAN children in general, including cultural beliefs and practices that support development, and contextual challenges related to socioeconomic and health disparities and historical trauma affecting the AIAN population as a whole. The research literature on early development is reviewed, highlighting what this literature reveals about early gender differences. The article concludes with calls to action on behalf of AIAN boys that align with each of the five tiers of R. Frieden's (2010) Public Health Pyramid.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-127
Number of pages13
JournalInfant Mental Health Journal
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • Entwicklung
  • Jungen
  • Kultur
  • Native American
  • Populations autochtones nord-américaines
  • amerikanischer Ureinwohner
  • boys
  • cultura
  • culture
  • culture
  • desarrollo
  • development
  • développement
  • garçons
  • indígena americano
  • niños varones

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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