The present study examined the effect of ambroxol on toxic action of peroxynitrite and the respiratory burst in activated phagocytic cells. Ambroxol decreased the inactivation or destruction of α1-antiproteinase induced by peroxynitrite (ONOO-) or hypochlorous acid (HOCl), which was similar to penicillamine and glutathione and was greater than diclofenac sodium and naproxen sodium. Ambroxol significantly decreased ONOO--mediated tyrosine nitration and iron plus EDTA-mediated degradation of 2-deoxy-D-ribose. Ambroxol significantly attenuated the production of superoxide, hydrogen peroxide, HOCl, and nitric oxide in fMLP- or IL-1-activated phagocytic cells, while the inhibitory effects of antiinflammatory and thiol compounds were only observed in HOCl production. Ambroxol and antiinflammatory drugs did not show a cytotoxic effect on macrophages. The results suggest that ambroxol protects tissue components against oxidative damage by an action different from antiinflammatory drugs. Ambroxol may interfere with oxidative damage of α1-antiproteinase through a scavenging action on ONOO- and HOCl and inhibition of the respiratory burst of phagocytic cells.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis