Ambient air pollution and variation in multiple domains of asthma morbidity among Peruvian children

and the GASP Study Investigators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Rationale: A large portion of asthma morbidity occurs in low- and middle-income countries, and Peru suffers particularly high asthma prevalence. Ambient air exposures are also high, and likely play a role. Most studies of environmental exposures focus on understanding contributors to health care utilization or mortality risk; however, less severe outcomes may still impact quality of life (QOL). Objectives: To study the association between multiple pollutants and several asthma domains in Peruvian children. Methods: A total of 484 children aged 9–19 years with asthma were followed for 6–9 months, and evaluated for asthma control, asthma-related QOL, missed school days, and health care utilization. We used geographically distributed monitors to estimate air pollutant concentrations and multivariable generalized linear mixed models to model asthma outcomes as a function of pollutants. Results: A total of 67% of children had moderate to severe persistent asthma. In multipollutant models, higher particulate matter less than 2.5 mm in aerodynamic diameter (PM 2.5 ), black carbon, and nitrogen dioxide concentrations were independently associated with worse asthma control. For each interquartile range increase in PM 2.5 or nitrogen dioxide concentration, there was a 59% or 34% higher odds of uncontrolled asthma, respectively. If the proportion of PM 2.5 that was black carbon increased, there were increased odds of uncontrolled asthma. Similarly, pollutants were independently associated with worse asthma-related QOL, and PM exposure was associated with increased risk of health care utilization. Conclusions: Our study highlights the importance of pollutant exposures on multiple domains of asthma morbidity among Peruvian children, including not only acute exacerbations, but also on general asthma burden, such as worse asthma symptom control and QOL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)348-355
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of the American Thoracic Society
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2019

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Keywords

  • Air pollution
  • Asthma
  • Children
  • Nitrogen dioxide
  • Particulate matter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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