Carboxyl terminal a-amidation confers biologic activity to many neuropeptides. Levels of a-amidating activity, peptidyl-glycine α-amidating monooxygenase (PAM), were reduced in the CSF of patients with dementia of the Alzheimer type (DAT) compared with healthy, age-matched controls. Repeat lumbar puncture data revealed a decline in CSF PAM activity of approximately 16% per year in DAT patients. Of the cerebral cortical regions examined, only the temporal pole showed reduced PAM activity in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) compared with controls. These studies may indicate selective dysfunction of neurons which normally synthesize biologically active, a-amidated peptides in the CNS of AD patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology