"Alternatively activated" dendritic cells preferentially secrete IL-10, expand Foxp3+CD4+ T cells, and induce long-term organ allograft survival in combination with CTLA4-Ig

Yuk Yuen Lan, Zhiliang Wang, Giorgio Raimondi, Wenhan Wu, Bridget L. Colvin, An De Creus, Angus W. Thomson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this study, we propagated myeloid dendritic cells (DC) from BALB/c (H2d) mouse bone marrow progenitors in IL-10 and TGF-β, then stimulated the cells with LPS. These "alternatively activated" (AA) DC expressed lower TLR4 transcripts than LPS-stimulated control DC and were resistant to maturation. They expressed comparatively low levels of surface MHC class II, CD40, CD80, CD86, and programmed death-ligand 2 (B7-DC; CD273), whereas programmed death-ligand 1 (B7-H1; CD274) and inducible costimulatory ligand expression were unaffected. AADC secreted much higher levels of EL-10, but lower levels of EL-12p70 compared with activated control DC. Their poor allogeneic (C57BL/10; B10) T cell stimulatory activity and ability to induce alloantigen-specific, hyporesponsive T cell proliferation was not associated with enhanced T cell apoptosis. Increased BL-10 production was induced in the alloreactive T cell population, wherein CD4+Foxp3+ cells were expanded. The AADC-expanded allogeneic CD4+CD25+ T cells showed enhanced suppressive activity for T cell proliferative responses compared with freshly isolated T regulatory cells. In vivo migration of AADC to secondary lymphoid tissue was not impaired. A single infusion of BALB/c AADC to quiescent B10 recipients induced alloantigen-specific hyporesponsive T cell proliferation and prolonged subsequent heart graft survival. This effect was potentiated markedly by CTLA4-Ig, administered 1 day after the AADC. Transfer of CD4+ T cells from recipients of long-surviving grafts (>100 days) that were infiltrated with CD4+Foxp3+ cells, prolonged the survival of donor-strain hearts in naive recipients. These data enhance insight into the regulatory properties of AADC and demonstrate their therapeutic potential in vascularized organ transplantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5868-5877
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number9
StatePublished - Nov 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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