Alternative treatments for weight loss: A critical review

David B. Allison, Kevin R. Fontaine, Stanley Heshka, Janet L. Mentore, Steven B. Heymsfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

"Nontraditional" or "alternative" treatments are extremely popular, especially with respect to obesity and body composition. Although such treatments are widely used, it is not clear that these are supported by the existing data in the peer-reviewed literature. Herein, we review the data on 18 methods/products advocated as potential anti-obesity/fat-reducing agents. We have found that none have been convincingly demonstrated to be safe and effective in two or more peer-reviewed publications of randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trials conducted by at least two independent laboratories. Nevertheless, some have plausible mechanisms of action and encouraging preliminary data that are sufficiently provocative to merit further research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-28
Number of pages28
JournalCritical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Reducing agents
peers
Oils and fats
Weight Loss
obesity
weight loss
Obesity
reducing agents
Reducing Agents
Body Composition
Chemical analysis
placebos
body composition
Publications
mechanism of action
Fats
Placebos
Therapeutics
lipids
Research

Keywords

  • Body composition
  • Herbal medicines
  • Nutritional supplements
  • Weight loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science

Cite this

Allison, D. B., Fontaine, K. R., Heshka, S., Mentore, J. L., & Heymsfield, S. B. (2001). Alternative treatments for weight loss: A critical review. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 41(1), 1-28. https://doi.org/10.1080/20014091091661

Alternative treatments for weight loss : A critical review. / Allison, David B.; Fontaine, Kevin R.; Heshka, Stanley; Mentore, Janet L.; Heymsfield, Steven B.

In: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, Vol. 41, No. 1, 2001, p. 1-28.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Allison, DB, Fontaine, KR, Heshka, S, Mentore, JL & Heymsfield, SB 2001, 'Alternative treatments for weight loss: A critical review', Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 1-28. https://doi.org/10.1080/20014091091661
Allison, David B. ; Fontaine, Kevin R. ; Heshka, Stanley ; Mentore, Janet L. ; Heymsfield, Steven B. / Alternative treatments for weight loss : A critical review. In: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. 2001 ; Vol. 41, No. 1. pp. 1-28.
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