To elucidate potential mechanisms of enhanced type 2 matrix metalloprotease levels and activity within the thickened aged rat aorta, the present study measured its mRNA and protein levels and those of its membrane bound activator, MT1-MMP, its endogenous; tissue inhibitor, TIMP-2, tissue type, and urokinase plasminogen activators and their receptors, and an inhibitor of plasminogen activation in aortae from Fisher 344X Brown Norway rats, 2 to 30 months of age. Semiquantitative immunohistochemistry, in situ hybridization, and in situ zymography of aortae detected a marked age-associated increase in gelatinolytic activity of type 2 metalloprotease within the thickened intima, internal elastic lamina, and elastic fibers in the inner part of the thickened tunica media, whereas the intimal tissue inhibitor of metalloprotease-2 mRNA and protein levels were not age related. Both activators of plasminogen and their receptors increased approximately 2-fold within the intima between 2 to 30 months. Similar, but not identical, age-associated changes in factors that regulate protease activity within the aortic media were also observed. We conclude that discordant regulation of factors that determine the activation status of type 2 matrix metalloprotease, coupled with an increase in the expression of its zyraogen, occur with aging, which lead to an increase in the amount of activated protease. These factors are candidate mechanisms for age-associated vascular remodeling, a potent risk factor for vascular diseases with advancing age.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - May 6 2002|
- Extracellular matrix
- Gene expression
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine