Altered protein levels in the isolated extracellular matrix of failing human hearts with dilated cardiomyopathy

Joshua L. DeAguero, Elizabeth N. McKown, Liwen Zhang, Jeremy Keirsey, Edgar G. Fischer, Von G. Samedi, Benjamin D. Canan, Ahmet Kilic, Paul M.L. Janssen, Dawn A. Delfín

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is associated with extensive pathological cardiac remodeling and involves numerous changes in the protein expression profile of the extracellular matrix of the heart. We obtained seven human, end-stage, failing hearts with DCM (DCM-failing) and nine human, nonfailing donor hearts and compared their extracellular matrix protein profiles. We first showed that the DCM-failing hearts had indeed undergone extensive remodeling of the left ventricle myocardium relative to nonfailing hearts. We then isolated the extracellular matrix from a subset of these hearts and performed a proteomic analysis on the isolated matrices. We found that the levels of 26 structural proteins were altered in the DCM-failing isolated cardiac extracellular matrix compared to nonfailing isolated cardiac extracellular matrix. Overall, most of the extracellular matrix proteins showed reduced levels in the DCM-failing hearts, while all of the contractile proteins showed increased levels. There was a mixture of increased and decreased levels of cytoskeletal and nuclear transport proteins. Using immunoprobing, we verified that collagen IV (α2 and α6 isoforms), zyxin, and myomesin protein levels were reduced in the DCM-failing hearts. We expect that these data will add to the understanding of the pathology associated with heart failure with DCM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12-20
Number of pages9
JournalCardiovascular Pathology
Volume26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Extracellular matrix
  • Heart failure
  • Proteomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

DeAguero, J. L., McKown, E. N., Zhang, L., Keirsey, J., Fischer, E. G., Samedi, V. G., ... Delfín, D. A. (2017). Altered protein levels in the isolated extracellular matrix of failing human hearts with dilated cardiomyopathy. Cardiovascular Pathology, 26, 12-20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carpath.2016.10.001