We have previously shown that exposure of C57BL/6J mice to intermittent hypoxia (IH) leads to 1) hypertriglyceridemia due to upregulation of pathways of lipid biosynthesis, including sterol regulatory element binding protein (SREBP)-1 and stearoyl CoA desaturase (SCD)-1; and 2) hypercholesterolemia due to impaired cholesterol uptake. The goal of the present study was to examine whether hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1 is implicated in changes in lipid metabolism induced by IH. Lean HIF-1α (Hif1a) +/- mice, which are heterozygous for a null allele at the locus encoding the HIF-1α subunit, and their wild-type (WT) Hif1a +/+ littermates were exposed to IH or control conditions for 5 days. IH increased fasting blood glucose, serum total cholesterol, and high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, phospholipids, triglycerides (TG), and leptin in mice of both genotypes, whereas serum insulin and interleukin-6 were elevated only in WT mice. The impact of IH on serum TG levels in WT mice was significantly greater than that in Hif1a +/- mice (95 ± 9 vs. 66 ± 6 mg/dl, P < 0.05), whereas cholesterol and glucose levels were affected independently of genotype. Under hypoxic conditions, mRNA and protein levels of SREBP cleavage-activating protein (SCAP) and SCD-1 and protein levels of nuclear isoform of SREBP-1 in the liver were induced to significantly higher levels in WT mice than in Hif1a +/- mice. We conclude that 1) the effect of IH on serum TG levels is mediated through HIF-1, 2) HIF-1 may impact on posttranscriptional regulation of SREBP-1, and 3) the effect of IH on serum cholesterol levels was not altered by partial HIF-1α deficiency.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - May 16 2006|
- Lipid biosynthesis
- Stearoyl coenzyme A desaturase
- Sterol regulatory element biding protein
ASJC Scopus subject areas