Background: Previous in vivo studies of schizophrenia with dopamine D2 receptor radioligands have yielded contradictory results. No prior study has used multiple scans to examine within-subject clinical change. Method: Twenty-one patients were studied with [123I]-iodobenzamide single photon emission computed tomography about two weeks after neuroleptic withdrawal. Thirteen of the 21 completed a second scan about four weeks after neuroleptic withdrawal. Sixteen controls were scanned for comparison. Results: There was no significant difference between groups in [123I]-iodobenzamide uptake at either scanning session. No significant correlations with demographic variables (age, illness duration, drug-free period), or clinical ratings (positive and negative symptoms, movement disorder) were observed at either scanning session. There was a significant correlation between change in [123I]-iodobenzamide uptake and change in negative symptom ratings for the subjects who underwent two scans (r = 0.72, P < 0.05). Conclusions: Worsening of negative symptoms may be associated with increased availability of striatal D2 receptors, perhaps because of decreased concentrations of endogenous dopamine.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||British Journal of Psychiatry|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health