Effects of transformation by Rous sarcoma virus of Schmidt-Ruppin strain on the activities of key enzymes of the glycolytic and the hexose monophosphate shunt pathways in chick-embryo cells were investigated. Activities of hexokinase, phosphofructokinase, pyruvate kinase, lactate dehydrogenase, and glucose-6-P dehydrogenase were increased about twofold in the transformed cells, but that of 6-P-gluconate dehydrogenase remained unaltered. The transformation-mediated increase in the activity of hexokinase was confined entirely to the bound form of the enzyme. Cells infected with a temperature-sensitive mutant (Ts-68) of Schmidt-Ruppin strain of Rous sarcoma virus showed the typical increase in the rate of 2-deoxyglucose uptake and the activities of hexokinase, phosphofructokinase, pyruvate kinase, and glucose-6-P dehydrogenase at the permissive temperature (37 °C), but when the infected cells were grown at the nonpermissive temperature (41 °C), the increases in the sugar uptake and activities of these enzymes were abolished. Unlike the regulatory enzymes, lactate dehydrogenase activity was increased at both the permissive and the nonpermissive temperatures.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology