Alterations in brain protein kinase C after experimental brain injury

B. Padmaperuma, R. Mark, H. S. Dhillon, Mark P. Mattson, M. Renuka Prasad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Regional activities and levels of protein kinase C were measured after lateral fluid percussion brain injury in rats. At 5 min and 20 min after injury, neither cofactor-dependent nor -independent PKC activities in the cytosol and membrane fractions changed in the injured and contralateral cortices or in the ipsilateral hippocampus. Western blot analysis revealed decreases in the levels of cytosolic PKC α and PKC β in the injured cortex after brain injury. In the same site, a significant increase in the levels of membrane PKC α and PKC β was observed after injury. Although the level of PKC α did not change and that of PKC β decreased in the cytosol of the ipsilateral hippocampus, these levels did not increase in the membrane fraction after injury. The levels of PKC γ were generally unchanged in the cytosol and the membrane, except for its decrease in the cytosol of the hippocampus. There were no changes in the levels of any PKC isoform in either the cytosol or the membrane of the contralateral cortex after injury. The present results suggest a translocation of PKC α and PKC β from the cytosol to the membrane in the injured cortex after brain injury. The observation that such a translocation occurs only in the brain regions that undergo substantial neuronal loss suggests that membrane PKC may play a role in neuronal damage after brain injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-26
Number of pages8
JournalBrain Research
Volume714
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 1996
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Brain injury
  • Diacylglycerol
  • Fluid percussion
  • Protein kinase C

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Padmaperuma, B., Mark, R., Dhillon, H. S., Mattson, M. P., & Prasad, M. R. (1996). Alterations in brain protein kinase C after experimental brain injury. Brain Research, 714(1-2), 19-26. https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(95)01579-5