Alpha-synuclein deposition within sympathetic noradrenergic neurons is associated with myocardial noradrenergic deficiency in neurogenic orthostatic hypotension

Risa Isonaka, Avi Z. Rosenberg, Patti Sullivan, Abraham Corrales, Courtney Holmes, Yehonatan Sharabi, David S. Goldstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Lewy body diseases involve neurogenic orthostatic hypotension (nOH), cardiac noradrenergic deficiency, and deposition of the protein AS (alpha-synuclein) in sympathetic ganglion tissue. Mechanisms linking these abnormalities are poorly understood. One link may be AS deposition within sympathetic neurons. We validated methodology to quantify AS colocalization with TH (tyrosine hydroxylase), a marker of sympathetic noradrenergic innervation, and assessed associations of AS/TH colocalization with myocardial norepinephrine content and cardiac sympathetic neuroimaging data in nOH. Postmortem sympathetic ganglionic AS/TH colocalization indices and myocardial norepinephrine contents were measured in 4 Lewy body and 3 rare non-Lewy body nOH patients. Sixteen Lewy body and 11 non-Lewy body nOH patients underwent in vivo skin biopsies and thoracic 18F-dopamine positron emission tomographic scanning, with cutaneous colocalization indices expressed versus cardiac 18F-dopamine-derived radioactivity. Ganglionic AS/TH colocalization indices were higher and myocardial norepinephrine lower in Lewy body than non-Lewy body nOH (P=0.0020, P=0.014). The Lewy body nOH group had higher AS/TH colocalization indices in skin biopsies and lower myocardial 18F-dopamine-derived radioactivity than did the non-Lewy body nOH group (P<0.0001 each). All Lewy body nOH patients had colocalization indices >1.5 in skin biopsies and 18F-dopamine-derived radioactivity <6000 nCi-kg/cc-mCi, a combination not seen in non-Lewy body nOH patients (P<0.0001). In Lewy body nOH, AS deposition in sympathetic noradrenergic nerves is related to postmortem neurochemical and in vivo neuroimaging evidence of myocardial noradrenergic deficiency. These associations raise the possibility that intraneuronal AS deposition plays a pathophysiological role in the myocardial sympathetic neurodegeneration attending Lewy body nOH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)910-918
Number of pages9
JournalHypertension
Volume73
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019

Keywords

  • Alpha-synuclein
  • Cardiac neuroimaging
  • Lewy body diseases
  • Orthostatic hypotension
  • Skin biopsy
  • Sympathetic nervous system
  • Tyrosine hydroxylase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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