Allostatic load: A mechanism of socioeconomic health disparities?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Although research on health disparities has been prioritized by the National Institutes of Health, the Institute of Medicine, and Healthy People 2010, little has been published that examines the biology underlying health disparities. Allostatic load is a multisystem construct theorized to quantify stress-induced biological risk. Differences in allostatic load may reflect differences in stress exposure and thus provide a mechanistic link to understanding health disparities. The purpose of this systematic review is to examine the construct of allostatic load and the published studies that employ it in an effort to understand whether the construct can be useful in quantifying health disparities. The published literature demonstrates that allostatic load is elevated in those of low socioeconomic status (SES) as compared to those of high SES. The reviewed articles vary in the justification for inclusion of variables. Recommendations for future research are made in the contexts of measurement, methodology, and racial composition of participants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7-15
Number of pages9
JournalBiological Research For Nursing
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2005

Keywords

  • Allostatic load
  • Health disparities
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Research and Theory

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