A total of 21 patients with myelofibrosis with myeloid metaplasia (MMM), with a median age of 54 years (range, 27-68 years), were prepared with a reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) regimen. The patients received an allogeneic marrow (n = 3) or peripheral blood stem-cell (n = 18) transplant from HLA-matched related (n = 18) or unrelated (n = 2), or 1 Ag-mismatched related (n = 1), donors. RIC regimens included fludarabine/total body irradiation 200 cGy (n = 5) or 450 cGy (n = 1), fludarabine/melphalan (n = 7), thiotepa/cyclophosphamide (n = 7), and thiotepa/fludarabine (n = 1). At the time of transplantation, all of the patients were at intermediate (n = 13) or high (n = 8) risk, according to the Dupriez classification. Of the patients, 19 had grade III or IV marrow fibrosis. All of the patients achieved full engraftment but one. Posttransplantation chimerism analysis showed more than 95% donor cells in 18 patients, while 2 patients achieved complete donor chimerism after donor leukocyte infusion (DLI). Acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) grades II to IV was observed in 7 patients, grades III to IV in 2, and extensive chronic GVHD in 8 of 18 evaluable patients. There were 3 patients who died from acute GVHD, infection, and relapse. There are 18 patients alive 12 to 122 months (median, 31 months) after transplantation, and 17 are in remission (1 after a second transplantation). The use of RIC regimens in allogeneic stem cell transplantation results in prolonged survival in intermediate/high-risk MMM patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology