Allergen-induced neuromodulation in the respiratory tract

Letitia A. Weigand, Bradley J Undem

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Many of the symptoms of allergic airway disease such as sneezing, coughing, excessive secretions, reflex bronchoconstriction, and dyspnea occur secondary to changes in the activity of the airway nervous system. In addition, many subjects with allergic airway disease have a heightened sensitivity to non-immunologic irritants in the environment. The symptoms and heightened sensitivities may be explained largely as a consequence of allergen-induced neuromodulation. Mediators associated with allergic inflammation can modulate primary afferent nerves, their connecting neurons in the central nervous system, as well as efferent autonomic neurons innervating the airways. This modulation can take the form of acute electrophysiological changes, or more persistent phenotypic changes at the level of gene transcription, i.e. neuroplasticity. Some of the known mechanisms that underlie this modulation are reviewed here.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationChemical Immunology and Allergy
Pages142-162
Number of pages21
Volume98
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012

Publication series

NameChemical Immunology and Allergy
Volume98
ISSN (Print)16602242
ISSN (Electronic)16622898

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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  • Cite this

    Weigand, L. A., & Undem, B. J. (2012). Allergen-induced neuromodulation in the respiratory tract. In Chemical Immunology and Allergy (Vol. 98, pp. 142-162). (Chemical Immunology and Allergy; Vol. 98). https://doi.org/10.1159/00033650821