Aldosterone stimulates the cardiac Na +/H + exchanger via transactivation of the epidermal growth factor receptor

Verónica C. De Giusti, Mariela B. Nolly, Alejandra M. Yeves, Claudia I. Caldiz, María C. Villa-Abrille, Gladys E.Chiappe De Cingolani, Irene L. Ennis, Horacio E. Cingolani, Ernesto A. Aiello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The use of antagonists of the mineralocorticoid receptor in the treatment of myocardial hypertrophy and heart failure has gained increasing importance in the last years. The cardiac Na/H exchanger (NHE-1) upregulation induced by aldosterone could account for the genesis of these pathologies. We tested whether aldosterone-induced NHE-1 stimulation involves the transactivation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). Rat ventricular myocytes were used to measure intracellular pH with epifluorescence. Aldosterone enhanced the NHE-1 activity. This effect was canceled by spironolactone or eplerenone (mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists), but not by mifepristone (glucocorticoid receptor antagonist) or cycloheximide (protein synthesis inhibitor), indicating that the mechanism is mediated by the mineralocorticoid receptor triggering nongenomic pathways. Aldosterone-induced NHE-1 stimulation was abolished by the EGFR kinase inhibitor AG1478, suggesting that is mediated by transactivation of EGFR. The increase in the phosphorylation level of the kinase p90 RSK and NHE-1 serine703 induced by aldosterone was also blocked by AG1478. Exogenous epidermal growth factor mimicked the effects of aldosterone on NHE-1 activity. Epidermal growth factor was also able to increase reactive oxygen species production, and the epidermal growth factor-induced activation of the NHE-1 was abrogated by the reactive oxygen species scavenger N-2-mercaptopropionyl glycine, indicating that reactive oxygen species are participating as signaling molecules in this mechanism. Aldosterone enhances the NHE-1 activity via transactivation of the EGFR, formation of reactive oxygen species, and phosphorylation of the exchanger. These results call attention to the consideration of the EGFR as a new potential therapeutic target of the cardiovascular pathologies involving the participation of aldosterone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)912-919
Number of pages8
JournalHypertension
Volume58
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2011

Keywords

  • Aldosterone
  • Cardiac myocytes
  • Epidermal growth factor receptor
  • Sodium/hydrogen exchanger
  • Transactivation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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